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35th anniversary of the first partially free elections. Lech Wałęsa on the elections of June 4, 1989

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– I was at the head of this movement. I had to keep thinking about the future. And after these elections, I also had to think: OK, what now? – said former president Lech Wałęsa in “Kropka nad i” on TVN24, recalling June 4, 1989, when the first partially free elections after World War II were held in Poland.

On the eve of the 35th anniversary of the first partially free people elections former president and former chairman of NSZZ “Solidarność” was asked on Monday in “Kropka nad i” whether he likes the date of June 4. He replied, “Not really.”

– I was at the head of this movement. I had to keep thinking about the future. And after these elections, I also had to think: OK, what now? We have that 35 percent. It is enough for the general to say: “Great democrats, I have the majority, so all the power is mine.” So at that moment I had to think how to defeat the general. How to find him (the president of ZSL Roman) Malinowski and (the head of SD Jerzy) Jóźwiak. And it worked, he said.

– I couldn't ask my colleagues. Do you think they would let me do that? If I said that I got along with Jóźwiak and Malinowski, they would throw me out of the union – he added.

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To the comment that the communists were shocked that they lost these partially free elections, Wałęsa replied: – But they don't need shock. They have 65 percent. They say: “dear democrats, please, nominate a prime minister and we will nominate you.” Who will win? (…) I was thinking what to do now, how to break it down, how to achieve more – replied Wałęsa.

On August 17, 1989, Wałęsa, Malinowski and Jóźwiak signed an agreement on the Solidarity-United People's Party and Democratic Party coalition, which led to the appointment of Tadeusz Mazowiecki's government. It was supposed to be a “government of national agreement”. The then president Wojciech Jaruzelski he dismissed Czesław Kiszczak, who had previously been nominated for this position, from the mission of forming a government.

Lech Wałęsa guest of “Kropka nad i”TVN24

Before the elections on June 4, opposition candidates posted photos of themselves as part of their campaign Lech Wałęsa.

– The problem was that we weren't really known. I was the only one very well known, maybe by August '80. Therefore, how to show these people who are not famous that they are with me. It was an authorization message, otherwise they would have lost. Kowalski and Wałęsa? Which means well, we choose him. It was a very good trick, said the former president.

Wałęsa on Tusk: if I were him, I would maintain unity by force

Wałęsa, speaking about the Prime Minister Donald Tusksaid that “we have a great leader.”

– But he didn't maintain the same unity (of the camp – ed.) as I did. That's why I fought so hard and was suspected of wanting to be a dictator, he said.

– If I were him, I would forcefully maintain unity – he added.

Lech WalesaTVN24

35th anniversary of the first partially free elections

Elections of June 4, 1989 were the result of an agreement concluded between the communist authorities and representatives of part of the opposition and the Church during the Round Table talks.

Turnout in the first round (June 4) was high – about 62 percent. The result was a success for Solidarity – 60 percent of voters cast their votes for the candidates put forward by the Solidarity Citizens' Committee. Out of 161 parliamentary seats intended for the opposition then, “S” won 160 in the first round, as well as 92 seats out of 100 in the Senate. In the second round, the Solidarity Citizens' Committee won the last available parliamentary seat. In the Senate elections, “S” won a total of 99 out of 100 seats.

Main photo source: TVN24



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