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80 years ago, an uprising broke out in the Warsaw Ghetto

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The exhibition “A sea of ​​fire around us” at the POLIN Museum, the Daffodils social and educational campaign, the planting of the Tree of Remembrance, concerts, performances, meetings and walks. April 19 marks the 80th anniversary of the outbreak of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising.

Uprising in the Warsaw Ghetto was the largest armed uprising of Jews during World War II, and at the same time the first urban uprising in occupied Europe. On April 19, 1943, the Jews of Warsaw took up armed struggle with the Germans. The insurgents could not hope for victory, but faced with the prospect of imminent destruction, they did not want to die passively.

Warsaw Ghetto Uprising – Photograph from Jürgen Stroop’s Report to Heinrich Himmler, May 1943Wikipedia (PD English)

“A sea of ​​fire around us”

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The experiences of civilians, recorded in diaries and diaries, during or after the uprising in the Warsaw Ghetto, became the starting point for the exhibition “Sea of ​​Fire Around Us”, prepared for the 80th anniversary of the outbreak of this uprising. The exhibition concerns the history that happened in the capital city of Muranów, in the place where the POLIN Museum of the History of Polish Jews now stands. It tells the story of about 50,000 people. civilians who hid in the labyrinth of bunkers and hiding places during the uprising. Traces of the history of these people are still below the surface of the earth. The author of the concept is prof. Barbara Engelking, and the curator of the exhibition – Zuzanna Schnepf-Kołacz. It opened on Tuesday, April 18, on the eve of the anniversary.

SEE: “A sea of ​​fire surrounds us”. A poignant cinematic prologue.

Prologue to the exhibition “Sea of ​​Fire around us” MHPJ POLIN

Daffodils on city streets

On April 19, on the anniversary of the outbreak of the ghetto uprising, a socio-educational campaign “Daffodils” is organized. Volunteers distribute paper flowers on the streets, reminding of the events of 1943 – schools, libraries and cultural institutions join the action. “Daffodils” from the beginning run under the slogan Memory connects us, which emphasizes the strength of the community, the importance of solidarity, the need for dialogue above divisions.

SEE: Paper daffodils on the streets of six Polish cities.

To action "daffodils" 3,700 volunteers signed up

3,700 volunteers signed up for the “Daffodils” campaign TVN24

On April 19, on the occasion of the 80th anniversary of the outbreak of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, the premiere of the animated film “Make Time Before God” will take place. The animation was based on Hanna Krall’s book, which remains one of the most important and moving texts about the Holocaust.

The actors responded to the call

Actors of Polish theaters were invited by the director of the Jewish Theater, Gołda Tencer, to record poems from Stefania Grodzieńska’s collection “Ghetto Children”. The songs will be published on the social media profiles of theaters participating in the project, and the Jewish Theater will broadcast recordings with poems from April 19 to May 16.

Everyday life in the Warsaw GhettoNational Digital Archive

80th anniversary of the ghetto uprising. Alarm sirens wail in Warsaw.

Sirens wail, traffic changes

“To commemorate the anniversary, at 12:00 noon, the sirens of the municipal alarm and warning system will be activated in Warsaw. The sirens will be activated on the basis of the order of the President of the capital city of Warsaw. A continuous sound signal will be emitted, lasting 60 seconds” – informed the office cities.

READ: “Only memory can save us from further monstrous evil.”

"50,000 people were hiding underground during the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising"

“50,000 people were hiding underground during the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising”TVN24

Due to the celebrations, restrictions will be introduced on the roads in the vicinity of POLIN and the Monument to the Ghetto Heroes. Throughout Wednesday, April 19, there will be a ban on stopping and parking on the streets of Anielewicza, Karmelicka, Lewartowskiego, Nalewki and Zamenhofa.

In addition, sections of Anielewicza, Lewartowskiego and Zamenhofa streets, in the area of ​​Bohaterów Getta Warszawskiego Square, will be closed from 6 am to about 3 pm. from Andersa and Świętojerska Streets in Anielewicza, while from Jana Pawła II Avenue they will only get to the roundabout at the intersection with Karmelicka Street, where they will have to turn left or right. Zemenhofa Street will be divided into two sections – from the south it will be accessible only to Anielewicza, where there will be a turn order towards Anders. From the north, however, drivers will only reach Lewartowskiego and there they will be directed again towards Stawki Street. During this time, Nalewki Street will have a dead end – you will be able to leave it only to Dubois Street.

READ: “50,000 people were hiding underground during the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising”

There are also difficulties with public transport. At the same time, bus lines 111 and 180 will also run detours. Buses 111, going in the direction of Gocław, from the intersection of Anielewicza Street and Jana Pawła II Avenue, they will turn right into the latter, reach Nowolipka and continue towards Andersa. On the way to the Esperanto terminus, at the intersection of Nowolipki and Zamenhoff, they will turn into Nowolipki, pass through Smocza and continue their basic route from Anielewicza Street.

180, in the direction of Wilanów, at the intersection of Anielewicza Street and Aleja Jana Pawła II, they will turn left to reach their route via Stawki, Muranowska and Bonifraterska Streets. In the direction of Chomiczówka, buses from the intersection of Świętojerska, Andersa and Anielewicza will go to Andersa (left), then Nowolipki and Smocza to Anielewicza, and to their route.

Presidents of Germany and Israel in Warsaw

The presidents of Germany and Israel: Frank-Walter Steinmeier and Icchak Herzog will pay a visit to Poland on Wednesday. They will meet with President Andrzej Duda, and will also take part in the main celebrations of the 80th anniversary of the outbreak of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, the Chancellery of the President announced.

According to the program of the visit, published on Tuesday on the KPRP website, at At 9.30 am, bilateral talks between President Duda and the President of Germany are planned in the Presidential Palace, and at 10.30 – with the President of Israel. This will be followed by talks between the delegations chaired by the presidents.

At noon, the three presidents and their spouses will take part in a ceremony commemorating the 80th anniversary of the outbreak of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising. The presidents will also lay wreaths at the Monument to the Ghetto Heroes.

Monument to the Ghetto HeroesF. Kwiatkowski / City Hall

In turn, at 5.30 pm Leaders with their spouses will take part in the ceremony of unveiling a plaque commemorating the visit of the Chief Rabbi of Palestine to the Nożyk Synagogue in 1946.

The head of the President’s Office of International Policy, Marcin Przydacz, announced that the main topic of President Duda’s morning meetings would be the issue of security in connection with Russian aggression against Ukraine and how the international community should react to Russia’s aggressive policy. As he added, the second topic of the meetings, inscribed in the context of the visit, will be historical policy and the memory of Nazi crimes in Poland.

They will plant a Tree of Remembrance

On April 20, at the POLIN Museum, on the Willy Brandt Square, the ceremony of planting the Tree of Remembrance will take place. Cantor Nachman Turgeman from Israel will perform as a special guest.

On the same day (between 5 and 7 pm) in the building of the Reduta Bank Polski, at 10 Bielańska Street, a special show of the performance “Pif Paf in Piach” will take place. This unique show premiered on September 1, 2022. It was based on texts prepared by: Remigiusz Grzela, Karolina Kirsz, Piotr Paziński, Paweł Szapiro, Bella Szwarcman-Czarnota, Gołda Tencer, Róża Ziątek-Czarnota and Agnieszka Żółkiewska.

On April 22, the Jewish Theater invites you to the premiere of the performance “Ghetto Songs”. It will consist of songs in Polish and Yiddish, as well as fragments of letters, diaries and accounts written in the ghetto.

– We evoke the shadows of those murdered in ghettos and camps. They left a handful of ashes, a lump of sand spilled by time. The lips of hundreds of thousands of Jewish children remain silent forever, and some of the few who survived testify to the truth, says Gołda Tencer, director of the Jewish Theater.

On April 23, a prayer march “Following the Monuments of the Warsaw Ghetto” will pass through Warsaw.

Elżbieta Magenheim: In my house, the uprising in the Warsaw Ghetto was not discussed

Elżbieta Magenheim: In my house, the uprising in the Warsaw Ghetto was not discussedTVN24

Traces of former inhabitants

On the 80th anniversary of the outbreak of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, the Museum of Warsaw has planned a rich program of city walks and lectures for April and May. Among the walks, among others: “Traces of Jewish Wola”, “Jewish Praga – in the footsteps of former inhabitants and places” or “Walk around the walls, footbridges and underground passages in the Warsaw Ghetto”. Lecture topics include, for example, “Pharmacies and pharmacists in the Warsaw Ghetto. About drugs, treatment and smuggling”, “Ghetto souvenirs and the memory of the ghetto in the space of Warsaw”. Details on the website of the Museum of Warsaw.

READ. The Kuczer family has its own square. “It will be a symbolic grave.”

Warsaw and Tel Aviv connected by music

“We are united by memory” is the slogan that has accompanied the Daffodils campaign from the very beginning. This is also the title of the concert, which will commemorate the 80th anniversary of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising. On Thursday, April 20, at the POLIN Museum of the History of Polish Jews, the Sinfonia Varsovia orchestra conducted by Anna Duczmal-Mróz will premiere the piano concerto “For Josima”. Composed by Hania Rani, the piece is inspired by music written and performed in the Warsaw Ghetto by teenage pianist and composer Josima Feldschuh. In the evening, concertino for piano and orchestra written in the ghetto by Władysław Szpilman, Poem for violin and orchestra by Szymon Laks and Lullaby by Andrzej Panufnik will also be performed.

Schnepf-Kołacz: Thinking about the ghetto, the first thing I see is the wall

Schnepf-Kołacz: Thinking about the ghetto, the first thing I see is the wallTVN24

On Tuesday, April 18, at the Israeli Philharmonic Bronisław Huberman in Tel Aviv, a special symphonic concert co-financed by the Capital City of Warsaw took place. The Israeli Philharmonic Orchestra was conducted by the outstanding Polish conductor and promoter of music by Jewish composers, Łukasz Borowicz. The program of the evening consisted of: Overture from the opera “Paradise Lost” by Krzysztof Penderecki, “Concerto for Trumpet and Orchestra” by Mieczysław Weinberg and Symphony No. 7 by Ludwig van Beethoven.

READ: From Krasnosielc to Hollywood. The Warner brothers joined the “Heritage” gallery at the POLIN Museum.

Gallery "Heritage" was supplemented with biographies of the Warner brothers

The “Heritage” gallery was supplemented with biographies of the Warner brothers

The Warner Brothers story in the gallery "Heritage" at POLIN Museum

The story of the Warner brothers in the “Heritage” gallery at the POLIN Museum

Main photo source: IPN

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