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80th anniversary of the liquidation of the Krakow ghetto. “From hatred to Auschwitz is really one step”

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On Sunday, celebrations were held on the occasion of the 80th anniversary of the liquidation of the ghetto in Krakow. 80 years ago, the Germans murdered about two thousand Jews in this place. “It was all slowly seeping into people’s minds. The misfortune did not begin when there was a ghetto, Auschwitz. The misfortune began when people allowed hatred towards other people – said Roma Ligocka, a painter and writer, a survivor of the Krakow ghetto, in “Fakty po Faktach”.

On March 13 and 14, 1943, the Krakow ghetto, in which about nine thousand people lived at that time, was liquidated. Germany they murdered about two thousand Jews on the spot. It happened mainly on Plac Zgody – whose name was later changed to Plac Bohaterów Getta.

Several hundred residents and representatives of the Jewish community took part on Sunday in the March of Remembrance on the 80th anniversary of the liquidation of the Krakow ghettothat operated at this location. The march began at noon on Bohaterów Getta Square and ended on the site of the former KL Plaszow concentration camp. According to estimates, at its peak, as many as 20,000 people lived in the ghetto.

The guest of “Fakty po Faktach” was Roma Ligocka, a painter and writer, the author of, among others, the books “Girl in a Red Coat” and “Child of War”, a survivor of the Krakow ghetto.

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Ligocka: In the beginning there was hate. There is always hate at the beginning of everything

“I wanted to do something I’ve never done in my life. I just wanted to show you something,” she began, showing a handful of rings to the camera. – It was Mr. Editor, exactly on that day (the liquidation of the Krakow ghetto – ed.), that was the price of my life. That’s how much my life cost me back then, those few rings. If my parents didn’t have these rings, we wouldn’t be talking today, she said.

Roma Ligocka in “Fakty po Faktach”TVN24

She explained that after escaping from the ghetto, in order to survive, she and her mother had to bribe a policeman who caught them and wanted to hand them over to the Germans for certain death with one of their rings. More rings also ensured her survival.

– Why this navy blue policeman, a Pole, just like me, brought up in the same city; why did he do it? Why was he convinced that these two Jewish women should be given to the Germans to die? Because in the beginning there was hate. There’s always hate at the beginning of everything, she said.

Roma Ligocka also talked about the 1930s, the persecution of Jews and the language full of hatred that was used at that time. “It was all slowly seeping into people’s minds. The misfortune did not begin when there was a ghetto, when there was Auschwitz. The misfortune began when people allowed themselves to hate other people, she said.

Ligocka: Every nation can be turned into a monster

– Hate from the word leads to what happened to us. To the liquidation of the whole nation, to the liquidation of the whole culture. All those people who died just because there was hate at the beginning – she said. – Suffering is one, hate is one and pain is one. (…) IN Ukraine It’s the same thing that happened to us back then,” she added.

Roma Ligocka in “Fakty po Faktach”TVN24

Ligocka pointed out that such a tragedy can happen to any nation. “It’s not like they were bad Germans or now they’re bad Russians. Every nation can be manipulated. (…) Any nation can be turned into a monster if bad people come to power, she said.

Let’s beware of hate, let’s beware of hate, let’s beware of bad words. (…) Let’s protect ourselves from hatred, because there is only one step from hatred towards Auschwitz, she stressed.

Main photo source: TVN24



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