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Tuesday, February 27, 2024

85% of Mexican union contracts weren’t voted on by employees

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MEXICO CITY — Mexico’s Labor Division mentioned 85% of the nation’s 140,000 formally registered labor contracts are in peril of being canceled as a result of they failed to fulfill Monday’s deadline to have union members vote on them.

Beneath labor reforms that helped win renewal of the U.S.-Mexico-Canada free commerce settlement, beginning in 2019 Mexico informed unions with registered contracts they needed to submit the labor pacts to secret-ballot votes by employees inside 4 years.

The small share of contracts assembly Monday’s deadline displays what Mexican officers acknowledge has been the longstanding observe of labor leaders in negotiating contracts with little or no employee enter to make sure wages keep low to allow them to hold factories in Mexico.

Solely about 20,000 contracts complied and have been confirmed by votes as of Might 1, 2023, the deadline for doing so. The Labor Division mentioned the remaining 120,000 might be nullified, except these unions have scheduled votes between now and July 31. That’s more likely to be tiny share of the contracts.

It’s a double-edged sword: The purge removes a number of contracts which are on paper solely, however might additionally depart a major chunk of Mexico’s 4 million unionized employees with out contracts.

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Anecdotal proof means that bigger vegetation and workplaces have been among the many most certainly to have renewed their contracts, whereas lots of the roughly 120,000 lapsed ones could also be at smaller retailers or companies which have disappeared.

“So long as there is no such thing as a labor contract, the corporate ought to undertake a place of neutrality, that’s, to offer equal therapy to all of the unions which will have members on the firm, and never have interaction in reprisals or discrimination towards any worker,” the Labor Division mentioned in a press release.

Prior to now, firms have been more likely to favor unions that assure them no strikes and few wage calls for.

For instance, earlier this 12 months unbiased union organizers at a U.S.-owned auto elements plant in central Mexico filed a labor grievance below the free commerce settlement accusing the Michigan-based firm of attempting to maintain its {old} union.

Eduardo Castillo, the chief of the unbiased “Transformation Union” on the Distinctive Fabricating de Mexico auto elements plant within the central state of Querétaro, mentioned the corporate prevented members of the brand new union from getting into the plant to talk with employees, and harassed or fired union supporters.

The corporate didn’t reply to an electronic mail requesting feedback on the dispute. Castillo’s union ultimately received a vote by employees authorizing it to cut price for them.

The unions who didn’t maintain contract votes must re-apply for the best to characterize employees at a given plant, by successful their votes in a secret poll.

In April, Mexican authorities acknowledged {that a} pro-company union truly stole a poll field in a contract vote at one other plant, a Goodyear tire facility within the northern state of San Luis Potosí.

The Labor Division vowed to re-do the elections with “distinctive” safety measures “with none intervention by the union that holds the contract, and with the participation of home and worldwide observers.”

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