On Friday, the Sejm voted in favor of establishing a new public holiday – the National Day of the Victorious Greater Poland Uprising. This holiday, intended to commemorate the victorious uprising of Poles against the Germans in 1918-19, will fall on December 27 – the anniversary of the uprising.
The bill on this matter, initiated by President Andrzej Duda, was supported by 451 MPs, no one was against and no one abstained from voting.
“In tribute to the heroes – participants of the national uprising of 1918-1919, who liberated Greater Poland from German rule and incorporated it into the reborn Republic of Poland” – reads the preamble to the law, in which subsequent articles refer to declaring 27 December the National Day of the Victory Greater Poland Uprising and a public holiday. The act does not provide, which was also emphasized during earlier parliamentary works, that 27 December will be a day off from work.
New public holiday
The president’s legislative initiative – as emphasized in the justification of Andrzej Duda’s proposal – is a response to the voices of community representatives and local authorities from the Wielkopolska region. It was also remembered that without the Greater Poland Uprising, which began on December 27, 1918 and lasted until the truce in Trier on February 16, 1919, there would be no Second Republic “in the shape we know, and perhaps it would not have survived at all”.
The establishment of a new public holiday – during the first and second reading of the bill – was supported by MPs from PiS, KO, Left, Polish Coalition and Confederation clubs, as well as from Poland 2050 and Jarosław Gowin’s Agreement. The president’s initiative was also supported by the government, whose representative, the deputy head of the Ministry of Culture and National Heritage, Jarosław Sellin, announced that the National Day of the Victory Greater Poland Uprising would be the thirteenth – adopted by law – public holiday in Poland.
The bill will now go to the Senate.
The Greater Poland Uprising broke out on December 27, 1918 in Poznań. In the first period of the fighting, by the end of the year, the Poles managed to capture most of the city. Ultimately, it was liberated on January 6, 1919, when the airport was taken over. By mid-January, the greater part of Greater Poland was also liberated.
The gains of the insurgents were confirmed by the truce in Trier, signed by Germany and the Entente states on February 16, 1919. According to its arrangements, the Greater Poland front was recognized as the allied front.
The final victory was sealed by the Treaty of Versailles signed on June 28, 1919, as a result of which almost all of Greater Poland was returned to Poland.
Main photo source: Grand Warszawski / Shutterstock.com