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A wave of comments after Duda's decision. “Derogatory”

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“I would say in Silesian, Mr. President, what I think about your veto, but it is inappropriate in public,” wrote Prime Minister Donald Tusk after failing to sign the act on recognizing the Silesian language as a regional language. “Diversity is Poland's strength, not a threat to it,” commented Szymon Hołownia, Speaker of the Sejm. Borys Budka called this decision a “shameful move”. Professor Jolanta Tambor, in turn, believes that the justification for the veto is insulting. The president's statement noted that “hybrid activities” on the eastern border “require special care to preserve national identity.”

President Andrzej Duda vetoed the amendment to the Act on National and Ethnic Minorities, which recognizes the Silesian language as a regional language. The draft amendment – authored by KO – regarding the recognition of the Silesian language as a regional language was submitted to the Sejm in January. At the end of April, the Sejm, with the votes of the ruling coalition, adopted the amendment, which was then adopted by the Senate.

In a statement on the website of the Chancellery of the President, it was written, among other things, that when deciding on the veto, Andrzej Duda found that the condition under the act “enabling the Silesian ethnolect to obtain the status of a regional language” had not been met.

Read also: The president's veto on the Silesian language act

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“Hybrid actions that cannot be ruled out, which may be undertaken in relation to the Republic of Poland, related to the war being waged on the eastern border, require special attention to preserve national identity. The preservation of national identity is, in particular, served by cultivating the native language,” the statement said.

After the presidential veto, the bill goes back to the Sejm. The House may reject the president's veto by a 3/5 majority of votes in the presence of at least half of the statutory number of deputies. Assuming that all MPs present – 459 people – took part in the vote, the majority necessary to re-adopt the amendment (override the veto) would be 275 votes. The government majority currently has 247 votes.

The prime minister commented on the president's decision on the X platform Donald Tusk. “I would tell you in Silesian, Mr. President, what I think about your veto, but it is not appropriate in public,” he wrote.

Prof. Tambor: the justification for the presidential veto is insulting

Linguist from the University of Silesia, prof. Jolanta Tambor, who prepared the justification for the bill regarding the recognition of the Silesian language as a regional language, said that although she expected the president's veto, she was very surprised by the content of the justification for this decision – it was a reference to hybrid warfare. – I believe that the justification is embarrassing and insulting to the people who submitted this amendment. “I'm quite outraged, it's shocking to me that something like that could be written,” she said.

– I really don't fully understand what I have to do with the war and what Silesians have to do with the hybrid war beyond the eastern border. Putting what we have been doing for 20 years now suddenly on such a path is quite insulting – added Prof. Drum.

Prof. Jolanta Tambor is the author of, among others, textbook and exercises for phonetics and phonology of the Polish language, director of the School of Polish Language and Culture of the University of Silesia, co-founder and director of Postgraduate Studies in Regional Knowledge, chairwoman of the Scientific Council of the Regional Education Program, vice-chairwoman of the Silesian Language Council.

Silesians have been fighting for years to have Silesian recognized as a regional languageMaciej Jarzębiński / Forum

Hołownia: diversity is Poland's strength, it's a pity you don't understand it

The president's decision was reacted to by, among others: Marshal of the Sejm Szymon Hołownia, who in his post on X posted a photo of a document with the president's decision – a request for the Sejm to reconsider the act. “Diversity is Poland's strength, not a threat to it. I'm sorry you don't understand it, Mr. President,” Hołownia wrote.

“Today, Silesians joined the typical enemies of President Duda: women, LGBT people, the constitution, the EU. The president has few Poles…” he wrote Marcin Kierwiński.

Necessary: ​​we will have to wait until our rights are recognized

Maciej Konieczny, a member of parliament from the Left, who is running for office, also commented on the president's veto elections to the European Parliament in the Silesian Voivodeship. “Silesians and Silesian women exist just as the Silesian language exists. Closing our eyes to it is stupid and weakens the Polish state. We will have to wait a while longer for the just and inevitable recognition of our rights. Unfortunately,” Konieczny wrote on the X platform.

Krystyna Szumilas, a KO MP and vice-chairman of the education, science and youth committee, wrote about the attack on the tradition, culture and dignity of Silesians. She emphasized that vetoing the amendment to the bill would be “taking away the opportunity for our children and grandchildren to learn Silesian in schools and an attempt to convince them that their Silesianness cannot be a reason to be proud.”

Krzysztof Śmiszek assessed the presidential veto as “anti-Polish”. According to the deputy minister of justice, the president is depriving Silesians of “the right to cultivate the Silesian language” and “the right to their identity.”

Mirosława Nykiel, an MP from Silesia, also commented on Andrzej Duda's decision. “Now you know who is your ally and who does not recognize your existence,” she said to Silesians on the X platform.

Budka: once again the president failed

Chairman of the Civic Coalition Borys Budka he said: “Once again, President Andrzej Duda failed.” – It is clear that not only does he not cope with English, but he also does not cope with Silesian. Today's decision by President Andrzej Duda – to veto the act on the Silesian language – is another shameful move on the part of the president – said Budka.

Rosa: you are disgracing our memory, our identity and our history

– Gańba fest, Mr. President, for your veto. You actually vetoed your own citizens. You told the citizens of the Republic of Poland that you simply do not recognize them. Half a million – that's how many people said in the census: we are Silesians, we are Silesians and we speak the Silesian language – said the rapporteur of the bill, MP Monika Rosa (KO).

She turned to President Duda: “You are disgracing our memory, our identity and our history.” – The truth is that in a dozen or so months you will no longer be president. But the way you left your mark in the memory of Silesians and Silesian women will leave a mark. We will remember that you denied us our identity. In a dozen or so months there will be a new president, there will be a new law and Silesian will be recognized as a regional language – she added.

Rosa: you vetoed your own citizensTVN24

– Finally, adding the issue of hybrid war and that we therefore have to defend our identity is a complete curiosity, because the Silesian language will certainly not weaken Poland and Polishness. If the president believes so and is afraid of it, it means that he does not believe in Polishness or Polish identity at all, says the parliamentarian.

In her opinion, the veto shows how the president's camp and the previous authorities perceive the state. – According to them, the state must be centralized, homogeneous, where one language is spoken and one God is believed in – she described. The MP announced that her party would seek a majority in the Sejm to override the veto.

Owl about the president's veto: gańba fest, Mr. President

Owl about the president's veto: gańba fest, Mr. PresidentTVN24

Sowa: shame on you, Mr. President

Civic Coalition MP Marek Sowa said: “Gańba fest, Mr. President, this is a wrong decision.” – If the president needed additional tests, he had nine years to do so, and he could also visit the Silesian Voivodeship more often and meet with Silesians. He would probably see for himself that this culture is maintained and that the Silesian language is also nurtured. In my opinion, this would only enrich the culture, he said.

– I do not think that this in any way threatens the integrity of the Polish state. (…) I remember that a few terms earlier, Prime Minister Kaczyński spoke quite strongly about Silesians and this was reflected in the elections. Today I think that this decision may also increase by a few percentage points PiS take it and let it happen – he added.

Kohut: another attempt will be successful because the president will change

Kohut: another attempt will be successful because the president will changeTVN24

Kohut: another attempt will be successful because the president will change

Łukasz Kohut, activist of the Silesian minority, KO member of the European Parliament, said that “Andrzej Duda today showed a red card not only to the Silesian language, but also to all Silesians and Silesian women and Silesian culture, which has been cultivated here for centuries and will be cultivated.”

– We will definitely continue to fight. I am convinced that the next, ninth attempt to recognize the Silesian language as a regional language will be successful because the president will change. (…) I promise, I guarantee that next time this ninth attempt to recognize the Silesian language as a regional language will be successful, and President Andrzej Duda once again turned out to be the president of only one party – assured Kohut.

He also commented negatively Robert Biedroń. “Another 'imaginary community' for the president? Is the only community that President Duda knows the community of interests of PiS activists? Shame on you, sir, shame on you!” – he wrote.

However, his advisor Stanisław Żaryn assessed the president's veto positively. “Good decision!” – he wrote on the website

Main photo source: PAP/EPA

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