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Thursday, February 29, 2024

Adrian Newey’s F1 championship-winning automobiles from FW14B to RB19

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Adrian Newey right this moment (26 December) celebrates his sixty fifth birthday in a yr the place he has contributed to yet one more F1 championship-winning automobile.

He and his Purple Bull colleagues created the RB19, which received 21 of twenty-two grands prix to dominate each the 2023 F1 constructors’ and drivers’ world championships.

Nevertheless, it was not the primary championship the legendary designer has contributed in the direction of, with 14 of his automobiles claiming a title. Purple Bull’s chief technical officer has usually been on the forefront of F1 automobile design, so listed here are the championship-winning machines he has labored on at Williams, McLaren and Purple Bull.

Williams FW14B

  • 1992 F1 constructors’ world champion
  • 1992 F1 drivers’ world champion – Nigel Mansell
  • 2nd in 1992 F1 drivers’ world championship – Riccardo Patrese

Photograph by: Rainer W. Schlegelmilch / Motorsport Images

Nigel Mansell, Williams FW14B Renault

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Newey’s first championship-winning automobile is likely one of the most legendary machines in F1 historical past. The FW14B received 10 of 16 grands prix in 1992, with Williams ending 1-2 within the drivers’ standings the place Nigel Mansell claimed his solely F1 title.

Newey was Williams’ chief designer and a key cause for its success that yr was FW14B’s lively suspension. This was a computerised system which managed the automobile’s vertical actions in response to driving circumstances and helped to enhance automobile stability in corners and scale back drag alongside a straight.

The FW14B additionally featured traction management and a dominant Renault V10 engine, which actually made it one of the crucial progressive designs in F1 historical past. 

Williams FW15C

  • 1993 F1 constructors’ world champion
  • 1993 F1 drivers’ world champion – Alain Prost
  • third in 1993 F1 drivers’ world championship – Damon Hill
Alain Prost, Williams FW15C Renault.

Photograph by: Motorsport Images

Alain Prost, Williams FW15C Renault.

F1 was very high-tech in 1993 with the FW15C on the forefront of that, that includes many various electronics and driver aids. Alain Prost described it as “just a little airbus” with lively suspension, traction management, energy steering, anti-lock brakes and lots of extra fitted onto the automobile.

It additionally featured a narrower nostril, smoother engine cowl plus a bigger rear wing, which means Newey and his Williams group maximised the FW15C’s aerodynamics, alongside an influence unit that had 80-100bhp greater than the Ford V8 utilized by Williams’ closest rivals McLaren and Benetton.

All of this contributed to a different dominant yr for Williams, who received 10 of 16 grands prix with Prost clinching his fourth and last drivers’ title.

Williams FW16

  • 1994 F1 constructors’ world champion
  • 2nd in 1994 F1 drivers’ world championship – Damon Hill
  • eighth in 1994 F1 drivers’ world championship – David Coulthard (rounds 5-6, 8-13)
  • ninth in 1994 F1 drivers’ world championship – Nigel Mansell (rounds 7, 14-16)
Ayrton Senna, Williams FW16

Photograph by: Sutton Photographs

Ayrton Senna, Williams FW16

1994 was an extremely unhappy yr for Newey and Williams, regardless of profitable the constructors’ championship. The retired Prost was changed by his {old} rival Ayrton Senna, but the triple world champion died in a crash through the season’s third spherical at Imola.

As defined in Newey’s autobiography ‘Find out how to construct a race automobile’, the accident nonetheless causes him “guilt” as a result of “I screwed up the aerodynamics of the automobile” the place, as a part of huge modifications, Williams switched again to passive suspension as lively was banned for 1994.

The automobile suffered from a really slim set-up window that made the FW16 troublesome to drive early on, as Williams didn’t win a race till the season’s fifth spherical. However, two races later, the automobile was fitted with intensive upgrades that included a brand new flooring and amended bodywork which helped Williams to win six of the remaining 9 grands prix.

Such sturdy type within the latter half of 1994 lifted the British outfit from third to first within the constructors’ championship, whereas Williams’ Damon Hill misplaced the drivers’ title by only one level to Michael Schumacher.

Williams FW18

  • 1996 F1 constructors’ world champion
  • 1996 F1 drivers’ world champion – Damon Hill
  • 2nd in 1996 F1 drivers’ world championship – Jacques Villeneuve
Damon Hill, Williams FW18 Renault

Photograph by: Motorsport Images

Damon Hill, Williams FW18 Renault

The FW18 was one other dominant machine produced by Williams and Newey, who as soon as once more was a pioneer when it got here to F1 aerodynamics. For 1996 Newey created a design that continues to be in modern-day F1, the place the motive force is extra reclined throughout the cockpit with their head decrease and pedals increased.

It lowered the automobile’s centre of gravity which means Williams’ aerodynamics was effectively forward of any of its rivals. That was matched by a potent Renault V10 engine that helped Hill qualify on the entrance row for each grand prix in his championship-winning season, whereas Williams scored over double the factors tally of runner-up Ferrari.

Williams FW19

  • 1997 F1 constructors’ world champion
  • 1997 F1 drivers’ world champion – Jacques Villeneuve
  • 2nd in 1997 F1 drivers’ world championship – Heinz-Harald Frentzen
Jacques Villeneuve,  Williams FW19

Photograph by: Sutton Photographs

Jacques Villeneuve, Williams FW19

The FW19 was the ultimate Williams chassis to obtain enter from Newey – he joined McLaren earlier than the 1997 season commenced – along with his work then completed by Geoff Willis. The automobile was an evolution of its predecessor that includes a extra compact gearbox, however the largest change was the introduction of the brand new, light-weight Renault RS9 engine.

The v-angle was widened to 71 levels slightly than the 67 of earlier Renault V10s and in consequence, the engine was 27mm decrease with the centre of gravity dropping by 14mm.

Such a change helped Williams win one other championship in a automobile designed by Newey, regardless that he was not accessible mid-season to develop, because the group received eight of 17 grands prix that yr. Jacques Villeneuve claimed the drivers’ crown, however Williams had better competitors within the constructors’ standings with Ferrari ending simply 21 factors behind.

McLaren MP4/13

  • 1998 F1 constructors’ world champion
  • 1998 F1 drivers’ world champion – Mika Hakkinen
  • third in 1998 F1 drivers’ world championship – David Coulthard
The 1998 McLaren MP4/13 is driven around the circuit

Photograph by: Andy Hone / Motorsport Images

The 1998 McLaren MP4/13 is pushed across the circuit

Newey made a profitable begin at McLaren clinching each championships with the primary automobile he designed for the British squad. It shortly turned clear in the beginning of 1998 that Newey and his group had tailored to the rule modifications greatest, with automobiles now narrower and operating on grooved tyres.

Regardless of the narrower automobiles, McLaren stored its wheelbase roughly the identical as earlier than as Newey prioritised stability that was much like the earlier era of automobiles.

The design – which different groups shortly adopted – made McLaren dominant because it received 9 of 16 races in 1998 with Mika Hakkinen claiming his maiden drivers’ crown. It additionally stays the final time thus far that McLaren received the constructors’ championship.

McLaren MP4/14

  • 2nd in 1999 F1 constructors’ world championship
  • 1999 F1 drivers’ world champion – Mika Hakkinen
  • 4th in 1999 F1 drivers’ world championship – David Coulthard
Mika Hakkinen, McLaren MP4/14-Mercedes

Photograph by: Motorsport Images

Mika Hakkinen, McLaren MP4/14-Mercedes

The MP4/14 was the quickest automobile on the grid in 1999 with its potent Mercedes energy unit that gave Hakkinen pole place for 11 of 16 races. Its aerodynamics had been additionally extra superior than the MP4/13, but the automobile did have faults.

McLaren retired from a race 12 occasions that season with mechanical issues usually at fault, which price the group in its battle with Ferrari for the constructors’ championship. McLaren finally completed second, however Hakkinen received back-to-back drivers’ crowns which means seven automobiles designed by Newey clinched a title within the Nineteen Nineties.

Purple Bull RB6

  • 2010 F1 constructors’ world champion
  • 2010 F1 drivers’ world champion – Sebastian Vettel
  • third in 2010 F1 drivers’ world championship – Mark Webber
Sebastian Vettel, Red Bull Racing RB6 Renault, 1st position

Photograph by: Charles Coates / Motorsport Images

Sebastian Vettel, Purple Bull Racing RB6 Renault, 1st place

Newey made a dangerous transfer to Purple Bull in 2006 because the group completed seventh in its debut season the yr earlier than. Nevertheless, it didn’t take too lengthy for the transfer to repay as Newey helped to design Purple Bull’s first championship-winning automobile and finish his 11-year title-less drought.

It got here with the RB6, which was the successor of the RB5 that ended 2009 because the quickest automobile profitable the ultimate three races. So, protecting that in thoughts, the RB6 was fairly comparable however the automobile’s rear size was maximised to help the double diffuser – a tool which improves downforce – whereas its controversial entrance wing might run very low in qualifying with out the automobile bottoming.

Such a design helped Purple Bull win 9 of 18 grands prix whereas clinching the 2010 constructors’ championship. Sebastian Vettel additionally received his maiden drivers’ title within the dramatic, season concluding Abu Dhabi GP.

Purple Bull RB7

  • 2011 F1 constructors’ world champion
  • 2011 F1 drivers’ world champion – Sebastian Vettel
  • third in 2011 F1 drivers’ world championship – Mark Webber
Sebastian Vettel, Red Bull RB7 Renault, crosses the finish line and takes the chequered flag

Photograph by: Rainer W. Schlegelmilch / Motorsport Images

Sebastian Vettel, Purple Bull RB7 Renault, crosses the end line and takes the chequered flag

The RB7 is likely one of the quickest automobiles in F1 historical past having achieved pole place for all however one grand prix in 2011. Vettel was on one other degree in his second title-winning marketing campaign breaking the report for many pole positions (15) in a season, surpassing Nigel Mansell from 1992 – which was additionally achieved in a Newey-designed automobile.

Newey and his group did extraordinarily effectively to beat the numerous regulation modifications that had been made for 2011, because the double diffuser was banned. Purple Bull as an alternative discovered better downforce by means of its exhaust-blown diffuser, the place exhaust gases headed in the direction of the diffuser’s outer part.

It got here from a flattened exhaust that was simply contained in the rear tyres, whereas 2011 additionally featured the introduction of DRS and the return of KERS. Purple Bull received 12 races that season and dominated each championships.

Purple Bull RB8

  • 2012 F1 constructors’ world champion
  • 2012 F1 drivers’ world champion – Sebastian Vettel
  • sixth in 2012 F1 drivers’ world championship – Mark Webber
Sebastian Vettel, Red Bull RB8 Renault, battles with Lewis Hamilton, McLaren MP4-27 Mercedes

Photograph by: Charles Coates / Motorsport Images

Sebastian Vettel, Purple Bull RB8 Renault, battles with Lewis Hamilton, McLaren MP4-27 Mercedes

Not like its predecessor, the RB8 was not very dominant as exhaust exits now needed to be inside a selected space, forcing Purple Bull to alter its exhaust-blown diffuser.

2012 was a really tight season and it had a unique winner in every of the primary six races, whereas Purple Bull received simply three grands prix within the opening 13 rounds.

Nevertheless, intensive upgrades for the Singapore GP considerably modified Purple Bull’s season. The group arrived with a redesigned, versatile nostril that might push the entrance wing nearer to the ground. In the meantime, the RB8 additionally had double DRS added the place airflow was directed onto the beam wing under the principle rear wing, which helped to cut back drag.

It began a run of 4 consecutive victories for the group, which included Purple Bull’s first entrance row lockout of the season in Japan, earlier than clinching each championships over the ultimate two weekends.

Purple Bull RB9

  • 2013 F1 constructors’ world champion
  • 2013 F1 drivers’ world champion – Sebastian Vettel
  • third in 2013 F1 drivers’ world championship – Mark Webber
Sebastian Vettel, Red Bull RB9 Renault

Photograph by: Steve Etherington / Motorsport Images

Sebastian Vettel, Purple Bull RB9 Renault

With a purpose to get the 2012 championships over the road, Purple Bull delayed the event of its RB9 chassis. Regardless of that, Purple Bull had certainly one of its most dominant seasons ever.

Vettel clinched a fourth title with three rounds left, having damaged the then report for many consecutive race victories after profitable the ultimate 9 grands prix of 2013. This was regardless of numerous rule modifications that included clamping down on entrance wings, stating its flexibility have to be not more than 10mm when subjected to a most load of 100kg.

Nevertheless, the RB9 nonetheless featured lots of the traits its predecessors had, with it merely being an evolution that didn’t embody the ‘stepped nostril’ from 2012. In the long run, the RB9 received 13 of 19 grands prix nevertheless it was Purple Bull and Newey’s final championship for a number of years.

Purple Bull RB16B

  • 2nd in 2021 F1 constructors’ world championship
  • 2021 F1 drivers’ world champion – Max Verstappen
  • 4th in 2021 F1 drivers’ world championship – Sergio Perez
Max Verstappen, Red Bull Racing RB16B

Photograph by: Zak Mauger / Motorsport Images

Max Verstappen, Purple Bull Racing RB16B

Some regulation tweaks for 2021 aided a title battle for the ages between Max Verstappen and Lewis Hamilton. Adjustments had been made to the automobile flooring, diffuser and rear brake winglets to cut back aerodynamic efficiency by 10% as a approach of constructing issues safer for Pirelli tyres.

Much less downforce affected Mercedes extra as its aerodynamic excellence helped the group win each F1 championship between 2014 and 2020, whereas Purple Bull had an upgraded Honda engine fitted so their velocity was mega in 2021. 

It arrange an extremely shut struggle in each championships the place Verstappen received his maiden title within the controversial 2021 Abu Dhabi GP, however Purple Bull simply missed out on the constructors’ crown to Mercedes.

Purple Bull RB18

  • 2022 F1 constructors’ world champion
  • 2022 F1 drivers’ world champion – Max Verstappen
  • third in 2022 F1 drivers’ world championship – Sergio Perez
Max Verstappen, Red Bull Racing RB18

Photograph by: Erik Junius

Max Verstappen, Purple Bull Racing RB18

2022 noticed the reintroduction of floor impact automobiles to F1 and as with many earlier regulation modifications, a automobile labored on by Newey was the one to beat. With earlier expertise in floor impact, Newey realised automobile stability was essential and it was due to this fact no coincidence the RB18 didn’t porpoise like its rivals.

This was after Purple Bull centered work on a robust suspension, whereas in addition they opted for an aggressive sidepod idea that different groups shortly adopted. However the RB18 took some time to grow to be dominant after beginning 2022 as obese so, whereas it was sturdy in race trim, Ferrari had the quickest automobile on one lap however Purple Bull diminished its automobile’s weight as 2022 wore on.

This resulted in Purple Bull ending the yr as F1’s dominant outfit, having received 17 of twenty-two grands prix whereas clinching each titles with rounds to spare to provide one other certainly one of Newey’s automobiles a championship.

Purple Bull RB19

  • 2023 F1 constructors’ world champion
  • 2023 F1 drivers’ world champion – Max Verstappen
  • 2nd in 2023 F1 drivers’ world championship – Sergio Perez
Race winner Max Verstappen, Red Bull Racing RB19

Photograph by: Purple Bull Content material Pool

Race winner Max Verstappen, Purple Bull Racing RB19

The RB19 is statistically the most dominant car in F1 history after sealing each championships comfortably with the very best win share in a season. 

It was an evolution of the RB18 however with one huge change which got here to the automobile flooring, the place as an alternative of being flat it featured two tunnels that channelled airflow to the diffuser. The RB19 was additionally praised for its effectivity the place it produced vital downforce whereas being fast down the straights.

Regardless of the entire championships Newey has helped to win, 2023 was in all probability his greatest but. The automobile was virtually unstoppable and Singapore was the RB19’s solely setback, ending off the rostrum, as Purple Bull struggled with set-up throughout the weekend.

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