The reactions to the Taliban government in Afghanistan are positive, argues the head of the Taliban Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Amir Khan Muttaki. He declared that the militants wanted to “maintain good relations with the international community”. He criticized the United States, which in his opinion “should not punish but help the weak and poor Afghan people.”
In early September, the Taliban announced their appointment the new government in Afghanistan. “The Islamic Emirate has decided to establish a temporary cabinet to deal with current affairs,” said Taliban spokesman Zabihullah Mujahid. He announced the names of 33 members of the government, noting that all appointments were temporary and that the cabinet was not yet complete. Foreign media then noted that only Taliban leaders were members of the government. Contrary to earlier declarations, the cabinet lacked women and representatives of ethnic minorities.
Taliban head of diplomacy on “positive reactions” of the world to the new government
On Tuesday, the head of diplomacy in the newly formed government, Amir Chan Muttaki, said at a press conference that the Taliban had “positive meetings and negotiations with fellow nations.” – We have very good relations with the United Nations and with the countries of the region. So far, the reactions to the Islamic Emirate from many countries around the world are positive, we hear very few negative statements – he said.
– We want to maintain good relations with the international community, we want to maintain mutual relations. Our demand on the international community is that it no longer puts pressure on the Afghans. Aggressive policies have yielded no results for 20 years and will not work in the future either. We should go in a positive direction, take the path of diplomacy and economic cooperation. Afghanistan’s peace and prosperity will benefit the whole world, ‘said Muttaki.
A Taliban minister spoke negatively about the United States. – The Islamic Emirate assisted the Americans during the evacuation. Unfortunately, the United States, instead of being grateful, froze our assets. The USA is a great country that should be very patient. He should not punish but help the weak and poor Afghan people, he argued. The Americans froze the reserves of the Afghan central bank deposited abroad. Disbursements under programs run by the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund were also suspended.
UNHCHR: Afghanistan’s situation deteriorating despite Taliban assurances
On Monday, UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres said donors had pledged $ 1 billion to aid Afghanistan. In his opinion, Afghanistan is facing the most difficult times now, and the Afghans will have to face “the collapse of the whole country”. He added that it was necessary to maintain dialogue with the Taliban, because without their consent it would not be possible to provide aid to those in need.
On the same day, Michelle Bachelet, United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR) spoke critically of the Taliban. “Contrasting with the Taliban’s assurances that women’s rights will continue to be respected, over the past three weeks, women have gradually been increasingly pushed out of the public scene,” she said at a Human Rights Council meeting in Geneva. She expressed her disappointment with the composition of a government formed by the Taliban, which was not a single woman, and which was dominated by Pashtuns, the main ethnic group in Afghanistan.
The commissioner said the militants had failed to keep their pledge to grant amnesty to former officials and security personnel linked to the previous government. They also don’t refrain from tracking down their opponents. “Credible” reports have also reached the UN of retaliatory killing of members of the Afghan army. Bachelet called on the Human Rights Council to put in place human rights monitoring mechanisms in Afghanistan. – I repeat my call to the Council to take decisive and vigorous steps commensurate with the scale of this crisis – she emphasized
Qatar Minister in Kabul
An appeal for respect for women’s rights was made against the Taliban by Qatar Foreign Minister Sheikh Mohammed ibn Abdulrahman al-Sani, who held talks in Afghanistan on Sunday with representatives of the new government. A day later, Al-Sani spoke at a press conference with the head of French diplomacy Jean-Yves Le Drian.
Sheikh Al-Sani said Qatar encourages the Taliban to grant women more freedom, pointing to examples of other Muslim countries where women participate in public life.
French news television France 24 emphasizes that the Qatari minister is so far the highest-ranking foreign politician who visited Afghanistan after the Taliban took power. Their representative tweeted that Al-Sani had met with high-ranking officials in the new cabinet, but did not provide any details. The Taliban also published photos of the Qatar minister with the new Afghan Prime Minister Mohammad Hasan Achund.
“France refuses any relationship with this government”
Prior to his departure to Qatar, Jean-Yves Le Drian told France 5 TV that the Taliban were lying when declaring the future of Afghanistan. “They said they would let some foreigners and Afghans go freely and talked about an inclusive and representative government, but they’re lying,” he said.
– France refuses to recognize or have any relationship with this government. We want action from the Taliban, and they will need some economic respite and international relations. It depends on them – he said.
China on Taliban “positive declarations”
Last week, Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi announced that he would provide Afghanistan with emergency aid worth 200 million yuan ($ 31 million) and 3 million doses of COVID-19 vaccines. Wang met on Wednesday with the foreign ministers of Pakistan, Iran, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan. He called on these countries to cooperate in aid to Afghanistan, while describing the establishment of a transitional government by the Taliban as “a necessary step to restore order”.
The Chinese minister stressed that after taking control of the country, the Taliban made “positive declarations” on building a government, counteracting terrorism and friendly relations with other countries. He stressed that they must be implemented. He named broad tolerance and a firm fight against terrorism as the main points.
The Chinese minister also called for deeper security cooperation, as “the change in Afghanistan has had a complex impact on the international and regional counter-terrorism situation.” He again called on the Taliban to distance themselves from all terrorist movements. China is also ready to cooperate to end drug production in Afghanistan, according to a statement published on the website of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Beijing.
A spokesman for the Chinese foreign ministry said on Wednesday that Beijing intended to maintain communication with the new government, but did not confirm whether China would formally recognize it.
Main photo source: PAP / EPA / STRINGER