UK asylum purposes from Afghanistan rose by 53% within the second quarter of this 12 months even earlier than the Taliban took management, new knowledge from the Dwelling Workplace exhibits.
Between April and June, 394 Afghans utilized for asylum within the nation in contrast with 257 through the first quarter of 2021.
The full variety of asylum purposes additionally elevated by nearly half to eight,374 on this interval, the best quantity for the reason that finish of 2019. Though, in comparison with the interval instantly after the invasion of Afghanistan again in 2001, purposes are significantly decrease.
Dr Peter William Walsh, a researcher on the Migration Observatory on the College of Oxford, says that the rise is partly right down to the lifting of COVID-19 restrictions.
“It is largely returned to enterprise as regular when it comes to asylum purposes, definitely when it comes to the numbers,” he mentioned. “The quarterly figures, they’re what we might anticipate in peculiar occasions – the hangover from final 12 months has dissipated largely now.”
He added that battle in Afghanistan may result in an extra enhance, however not by a lot.
“I’d anticipate an uptick in asylum seekers [from Afghanistan], nevertheless it won’t be as we would anticipate as a result of it is simply tough for them to get to the UK,” he mentioned.
It is now simpler for Afghans to hunt asylum within the UK after the federal government pledged to just accept 5,000 individuals over the subsequent 12 months as a part of a brand new resettlement programme, with the potential to just accept as much as 20,000 in the long run.
The creation of this scheme implies that individuals fleeing Afghanistan will routinely be granted refugee standing and won’t must undergo the asylum software course of as soon as they arrive within the UK.
What number of Afghans have been profitable?
The variety of Afghans granted asylum within the UK rose 18.7% within the three months to June in comparison with the primary quarter of this 12 months. Total asylum purposes noticed a way more modest 1.9% enhance.
Over the past 20 years, Afghans have been the group with the second-highest variety of profitable purposes after Syrians. Since 2001, they’ve accounted for round one in 10 asylum or different grants.
The brand new knowledge additionally exhibits a drop within the proportion of purposes that get refused. Fewer than 1 / 4 of Afghans had been denied asylum standing within the second quarter of this 12 months, in comparison with 27.8% within the first three months of 2021.
Whereas the newest knowledge exhibits purposes selecting up, the numbers are nonetheless a lot decrease than they had been within the interval as much as the primary quarter of 2020.
This was largely on account of a decline in purposes made at ports, as individuals struggled to entry journey by aircraft, ferry and prepare.
This has been partially offset by an increase within the variety of small boat crossings. Greater than 12,400 individuals have crossed the English Channel in migrant boats thus far this 12 months.
How do the numbers examine globally?
Afghanistan is second solely to Syria for the whole variety of refugees and asylum seekers dispersed internationally, however accounts for the best variety of asylum purposes.
However solely a tiny fraction of this quantity find yourself within the UK – lower than 0.5% of the whole quantity on the finish of 2020.
Actually, three-quarters of the greater than 2.8 million Afghan refugees and asylum seekers on the finish of final 12 months had been registered within the neighbouring international locations of Pakistan and Iran.
What’s extra, individuals leaving Afghanistan characterize only a fraction of the whole quantity displaced from their properties on account of battle.
The Inside Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC) estimates that by the top of 2020, 3.5 million individuals had been compelled to maneuver inside Afghanistan on account of battle. This makes it the nation with the fifth-highest variety of internally displaced people, after Syria, Congo, Colombia and Yemen.
The info is already starting to mirror the present state of affairs. Based on knowledge from the UN’s Workplace for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), greater than 558,000 Afghans had been displaced inside the nation between the beginning of this 12 months and 9 August.
The Data and Forensics crew is a multi-skilled unit devoted to offering clear journalism from Sky Information. We collect, analyse and visualise knowledge to inform data-driven tales. We mix conventional reporting expertise with superior evaluation of satellite tv for pc photographs, social media and different open supply data. By multimedia storytelling we intention to raised clarify the world whereas additionally exhibiting how our journalism is completed.