Two lawmakers filed a invoice requiring creators of basis fashions to reveal sources of coaching information so copyright holders know their data was taken. The AI Foundation Model Transparency Act — filed by Reps. Anna Eshoo (D-CA) and Don Beyer (D-VA) — would direct the Federal Commerce Fee (FTC) to work with the Nationwide Institute of Requirements and Know-how (NIST) to determine guidelines for reporting coaching information transparency.
Firms that make basis fashions will likely be required to report sources of coaching information and the way the information is retained through the inference course of, describe the constraints or dangers of the mannequin, how the mannequin aligns with NIST’s deliberate AI Threat Administration Framework and every other federal requirements is likely to be established, and supply data on the computational energy used to coach and run the mannequin. The invoice additionally says AI builders should report efforts to “purple crew” the mannequin to forestall it from offering “inaccurate or dangerous data” round medical or health-related questions, organic synthesis, cybersecurity, elections, policing, monetary mortgage selections, schooling, employment selections, public providers, and weak populations akin to youngsters.
“With the rise in public entry to synthetic intelligence, there was a rise in lawsuits and public issues about copyright infringement,” the invoice states. “Public use of basis fashions has led to numerous cases of the general public being introduced with inaccurate, imprecise, or biased data.”
The invoice nonetheless must be assigned to a committee and mentioned, and it’s unclear if that can occur earlier than the busy election marketing campaign season begins.
Eshoo and Beyer’s invoice enhances the Biden administration’s AI executive order, which helps set up reporting requirements for AI fashions. The manager order, nevertheless, is just not regulation, so if the AI Basis Mannequin Transparency Act passes, it is going to make transparency necessities for coaching information a federal rule.