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Allergy – how to treat it. How to protect yourself from allergies. The pollen season has already started. Pollens are more aggressive

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The plant pollen season started earlier this year, and the polluted environment makes the plant pollen more aggressive – emphasizes Dr. n. med. Ewa Czarnobilska, professor at the Jagiellonian University, head of the Clinical and Environmental Allergology Center at the University Hospital in Krakow. He points out that the “one tablet” used so far may no longer bring relief. Doctors increasingly have to prescribe inhaled drugs, glucocorticosteroids.

Doctors from the Department of Clinical and Environmental Allergology of the University Hospital in Krakow since the beginning of the year, they have been observing patients with symptoms of allergic rhinitis, conjunctivitis, but also shortness of breath and the development of seasonal asthma. – The plant pollen season started earlier and will be longer than usual – warns the head of this facility, Dr. n. med. Ewa Czarnobilska, professor at the Jagiellonian University. He explains that this is “associated with climate change, and in addition, plant pollen is more aggressive.”

– So far taken sporadically by allergic people, one tablet may not bring relief in ailments. Doctors are now increasingly having to prescribe inhaled medications, the so-called glucocorticosteroids, notes the allergist

Life-threatening cross-allergy

The specialist also warns against cross-allergy, which is life-threatening. This type of allergy is associated with the increased aggressiveness of plant pollen.

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– At the moment, we recognize the so-called pollen-food syndrome, which is that a patient who is allergic to hazel pollen, for example, after eating a hazelnut – even trace amounts – may develop an anaphylactic reaction. Similarly, in the case of mugwort pollen, when eating various types of nuts, as well as some vegetables, severe generalized urticaria, abdominal pain, vomiting, shortness of breath, and even loss of consciousness may occur – explains the doctor.

What are the risks of untreated allergies?

Untreated allergies can lead to asthma, acute sinusitis, and recurrent respiratory infections.

For people who have not had time to desensitize in the autumn and winter, the allergist recommends taking an antihistamine. However, he notes, treatment with glucocorticoids may be necessary due to the aggressive pollen season. Antihistamine tablets may no longer defeat the runny nose, watery eyes, paroxysmal cough, exercise intolerance. Czarnobilska points out that such symptoms may indicate seasonal asthma even in a patient who has not suffered from this disease so far.

Advice for those allergic to pollen

The doctor urges those who are allergic to pollen to make an appointment with an allergist as soon as possible, who will prescribe appropriate medications – both nasal sprays and inhalation steroids or bronchodilators and stronger anti-allergic eye drops.


In addition – as Czarnobilska advises – one should remember about rinsing pollen from the hair, rinsing them from the mucous membranes, using sea water, artificial tears, washing the face. Bedding should not be aired when the pollen count is high, so as not to bring allergens into the bed. There will be a high concentration of birch pollen and grass pollen in the coming weeks.

Main photo source: Shutterstock

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