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Alzheimer’s disease. The University of Bialystok has purchased a special device for faster diagnostics

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This will be a new opening in the fight against Alzheimer’s. The Medical University of Bialystok has purchased an Analyzer – a platform for much faster diagnostics. The test is based on proteins from the patient’s blood, and not – as before – from the cerebrospinal fluid, and this increases the effectiveness of the tests a thousandfold.

Just insert a blood sample, wait three hours, and you know everything. We can find out if we will develop Alzheimer’s symptoms in a few years. – If the patient is from the so-called risk group, i.e. there were cases of Alzheimer’s disease in the patient’s family, then blood tests may be the confirmation – explains Dr. Agnieszka Kulczyńska-Przybik from the Department of Diagnostics of Neurodegenerative Diseases at the Medical University of Bialystok.

It’s all thanks to a special analyzer, i.e. a state-of-the-art device for detecting proteins in the blood that indicate Alzheimer’s disease, which is the first such device in Poland. The device has just been delivered to the Medical University of Bialystok. – We no longer need to collect cerebrospinal fluid, but blood is enough, so we can say that this is a new era in the diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease – says Professor Barbara Mroczko from the Department of Diagnostics of Neurodegenerative Diseases, Medical University of Bialystok.

Until now, to diagnose the disease, it was necessary to collect the cerebrospinal fluid, i.e. to insert a needle into the spine. Now all you need is a simple blood draw. This is not the only advantage of the new device – the main thing is that the disease can be detected quickly and with high accuracy. How big? The analyzer is even 1000 times more sensitive than devices available in Poland today. – We have a platform that will be able to recognize disorders in an ultra-sensitive way at an early stage – assures Professor Barbara Mroczko.

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Usually the disease is detected too late. Once there are symptoms of dementia, you can’t delay the disease as much as when the disease is already ravaging our brain, but it doesn’t give symptoms yet. – Once there is atrophy of the cerebral cortex, these changes are irreversible. If we start acting at the stage of early symptoms, when there are no major atrophic changes in the brain yet, we have a chance to stop this disease or even reverse it – emphasizes Dr. Marcin Ratajczak, a neurologist.

Good morning TVN. Karolina Jurga about dementia and Alzheimer’s diseaseGood Morning TVN, prod. TVN, 2021

Hidden enemy

Relatives often do not see the first symptoms – we hear from Zbigniew Tomczak, whose wife has been suffering from Alzheimer’s for fifteen years. – Patients internally feel that there is a problem and they can hide this disease very well. Certainly, this was also the case with my wife, believes Zbigniew Tomczak, chairman of the Polish Association for Helping People with Alzheimer’s Disease. Alzheimer’s can progress and show no symptoms for up to 20 years. – If the diagnosis is made at the stage when there are still disorders only in the brain, if we do not see in such an obvious way, clinically this is the best moment when we can help the patient – assures Professor Barbara Mroczko.

There are more and more modern drugs that delay the development of the disease, but they must be administered early enough. – It is very important to focus on the diagnosis of those patients who have very little symptoms of the disease or do not have them yet – says Dr. Marcin Ratajczak. Today, there are up to 55 million people in the world living with dementia, and Alzheimer’s disease is the most common cause. Every three seconds, someone in the world develops dementia. The analyzer from Białystok will be able to examine the first patients in a few months.

Main photo source: Facts after noon TVN24



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