The National Day of Polish Children of War is to be included in the calendar of Polish public holidays. The bill on this matter, adopted last week by deputies, is to be considered by the Senate during the next session. The holiday will be celebrated on September 10.
It is about the act on establishing the National Day of Polish Children of War. The law was passed by the Sejm last Thursday. 448 MPs voted for it, no one was against, and three MPs abstained.
The bill has now gone to the Senate. As we read on the pages of the lower house, on Friday “the bill was handed over to the President and the Speaker of the Senate”. According to the recently published draft agenda of the Senate, the bill will be discussed during the next session on July 26-28.
New public holiday
As we read in the act, the new holiday will be established “in tribute to the Polish Children of War, who, despite the trauma they experienced as a result of the hecatomb of World War II, the criminal actions of the German and Soviet occupiers, were able to lift our common homeland from the ashes and as a proof of respect and gratitude for their effort.”
“September 10 is established as the National Day of Polish Children of War” – added.
The act is to enter into force 14 days after its publication.
Why September 10?
In the justification, the authors of the project pointed out that “the Gehenna of Polish Children of War, related to the cruelty of World War II on the part of both totalitarianisms: German and Soviet, is insufficiently present in the consciousness of contemporary Poles”. “Children became the most defenseless victims of the dehumanized goals of criminals. The intention of the occupiers was the biological destruction of the Polish nation, enslavement and deprivation of autonomy and freedom. For this purpose, various methods of cruelty were used, in particular against children” – it was pointed out.
Why should a new public holiday be established on September 10? The authors of the project explained that the date refers to the mass arrests of children carried out in 1943 by the German occupation authorities in the town of Mosina in Wielkopolska. “The so-called Mosin case (German: Sache Moschin) was a kind of extension of the arrests that followed the capture and execution of members of the ZWZ-AK Poznań Association of Retaliation, grouped around Dr. Franciszek Witaszek. The action included the arrests by the German Secret State Police (Gestapo) of several hundred Polish residents of the Mosina and the surrounding area in connection with the accusation of activities directed against the Third Reich.
“The arrests took place in 1943, and their apogee took place on September 9 of that year. On September 10, 1943, the children of several dozen people arrested the day before were arrested. At least 43 of them were then imprisoned as the so-called Terroristenkinder in a German concentration camp for children Poles in Łódź (Polen-Jugendverwahrlager Litzmannstadt), becoming co-prisoners of children also from other regions of occupied Poland, including Silesia, Zamość, Central Poland (Łódź, Warsaw) or Lesser Poland (Krakow)” – we could read in the justification.
There is no information in the act that would indicate that September 10 will be a day off.
Main photo source: Tomasz Gzell/PAP/EPA