A small arrowhead, probably from the 7th-6th century BC, silver denarii of the Roman emperor Hadrian, a penny from the times of the Duchy of Warsaw – among others, such artifacts were found near the town of Borzechów (Lublin province) by a prospector with a metal detector. The conservator of monuments emphasizes that this area has a rich history of settlement, contrary to the legends that it was overgrown by a forest centuries ago.
A prospector with a metal detector handed over to the conservation services the artifacts he found in the valley of the Chodelka River, in the area adjacent to the town of Borzechów in the Lublin poviat.
– Although the town itself dates back to the 15th century, the donated items represent a much older and longer period of time – says Dariusz Kopciowski, the Lublin Voivodship Conservator of Monuments.
Denars remember the 2nd century AD
The oldest among the artefacts found is, probably from the 7th-6th century BC and made of bronze, a small arrowhead of the Scythian type (from the Scythians – a nomadic Asian people who also migrated to the territory of today’s Poland centuries ago).
– Another find is two silver denarii of the Roman emperor Hadrian. One is dated to 126-127, the other to 138. The medieval period is associated with an arrowhead – this time iron – and also iron, flint and a fragment of a broken crossbow bolt – reports the conservator.
The coin may be a counterfeit
The searcher also found – dated tentatively to the 17th century – a saddlebag fitting and three coins. The first one is a 16th-century silver triple of Riga by King Stefan Batory, which, due to the fact that it has a small hole, may have served years ago as a stud, i.e. a kind of decoration.
– Although in the comments on our Facebook profile it was pointed out that it was rather a counterfeit from the era, and the hole was made to indicate that it was a counterfeit. Other coins include a half kreutzer of Emperor Joseph II Habsburg from the 1770s and a groschen of the Duchy of Warsaw from 1812. There is also a lead seal from the “Automatic Mill of the Krausse Brothers” in Lublin, from the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries – Kopciowski lists.
Borzechów, because they were hiding in the forest from the invaders
The origin of the name of the town is also interesting. Oral traditions say that Borzechów originated from the forest that grew in these areas and in which the people hid during various raids and looting.
– Although the alleged forest was supposed to cover the area of present-day Borzechów, the monuments handed over to the office prove rather that these areas were not deserted backwoods, but life and settlements took place here, and not only in the centuries from which the history of the village itself is dated – points out the conservator.
The finds will go to the museum
He adds that the entire Chodelka valley is an area with a very rich history of settlement.
– It is enough to mention that it was in the valley that centuries ago settlements in Chodlik, Żmijowiska or Kłodnica were located – emphasizes our interlocutor.
The monuments handed over to the conservation services are to be transferred to one of the local museums.
Main photo source: WUOZ in Lublin