ANKARA, Turkey — The primary challenger attempting to unseat Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan on this month’s presidential election cuts a starkly completely different determine than the incumbent who has dominated the nation for twenty years.
The place Erdogan is a mesmerizing orator, the unassuming Kemal Kilicdaroglu is comfortable spoken. Erdogan can also be a grasp campaigner who makes use of state assets and occasions to succeed in supporters whereas Kilicdaroglu talks to voters in movies recorded in his kitchen. Because the polarizing Erdogan has grown more and more authoritarian, Kilicdaroglu has constructed a popularity as a bridge builder and vows to revive democracy.
The contrasts are mirrored within the two males’s political paths. Erdogan’s endurance has stored him in workplace first as prime minister then as president since 2003. Kilicdaroglu (pronounced KEH-lich-DAHR-OH-loo) has not received a common election since taking the helm of his secular, center-left Republican Individuals’s Occasion, or CHP, in 2010.
However that might change on Might 14, when Turkey holds its most hotly contested presidential election in years. Opinion surveys give Kilicdaroglu, 74, a slight lead over Erdogan, although analysts warn of the perils of writing off a president with potent political abilities. If neither candidate wins greater than 50% of the votes, the election will go to a Might 28 runoff.
Divisions inside the opposition have lengthy helped the 69-year-old Erdogan maintain on to energy, however this time round Kilicdaroglu is operating because the candidate of a united bloc often known as the Nation Alliance, which unified six numerous events, together with nationalists and Islamists. Kilicdaroglu has additionally clinched the pro-Kurdish occasion’s tacit assist.
Including to Kilicdaroglu’s probabilities for victory are a faltering economic system and excessive inflation which have been blamed on Erdogan’s unconventional financial insurance policies. One other issue is the devastating earthquake in February that killed greater than 50,000 folks and uncovered years of presidency negligence.
Erdal Karatas, a barber in Istanbul, used to assist Erdogan however has switched allegiances amid the financial downturn and inflation and can vote for Kilicdaroglu.
Erdogan’s “first 10 years had been actually profitable, however within the final 10 years he has veered off beam. We will name it power-poisoning,” he mentioned. “We take out loans to pay for money owed and bank cards. Our revenue doesn’t cowl our bills.”
The Nation Alliance has vowed to roll again Erdogan’s efforts to pay attention huge powers within the president’s arms. The coalition has additionally pledged to reinstate a parliamentary democracy with checks and balances, to return to extra standard financial insurance policies and to battle corruption.
“These elections are about rebuilding Turkey, guaranteeing that no little one goes to mattress hungry. They’re about guaranteeing gender equality,” Kilicdaroglu mentioned at a rally within the CHP stronghold of Izmir, in western Turkey. “These elections are about reconciliation and never battle. And these elections are about bringing democracy to Turkey.”
In one other stark distinction with the incumbent, Kilicdaroglu has mentioned he goals to serve only one time period after which retire to spend time together with his three grandchildren. If elected, he plans to maneuver to the modest presidential palace in Ankara that was residence to previous presidents, as an alternative of the 1,150-room palace that Erdogan constructed.
Underneath Kilicdaroglu, analysts say, Turkey is more likely to undertake a extra pro-European and pro-NATO stance, whereas nonetheless preserving Turkey’s financial ties with Russia.
Erdogan Toprak, a CHP legislator and longtime good friend of Kilicdaroglu, mentioned with out Kilicdaroglu’s endurance and consensus-building abilities, a united opposition wouldn’t have emerged. The bloc contains former Erdogan allies.
“He doesn’t maintain grudges,” Toprak mentioned. “He attaches nice significance to compromise, and he shows tolerance. That’s what created the Nation Alliance.”
Forming the alliance “required plenty of endurance and self-sacrifice.” Kilicdaroglu “confirmed the self-sacrifice and endurance … although he acquired plenty of criticism from inside the occasion.”
The social democrat politician who has constructed a popularity for honesty and integrity was born in 1948 in Tunceli province, in japanese Turkey, to a deed officer father and a homemaker mom.
He’s the fourth of seven kids from an Alevi household, an Islamic custom that’s distinct from the Sunni, Shia and Alawite sects and whose members have confronted discrimination within the overwhelmingly Sunni nation.
An economist by coaching, Kilicdaroglu headed Turkey’s social safety group earlier than becoming a member of the CHP and profitable a seat in parliament in 2002 — the identical yr Erdogan’s ruling Justice and Growth occasion got here to energy.
He grabbed public consideration after exposing corruption allegations in opposition to ruling occasion members and have become CHP’s chief after the resignation of former occasion head Deniz Baykal, who died this yr.
Underneath Kilicdaroglu’s management, the CHP, which was established in 1923 by the fashionable Turkish Republic’s founder Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, has shed its inflexible secular, nationalist stance and just lately opened as much as minority Kurds and to extra conservative sections of society. It has assured pious ladies that their rights to put on Islamic-style headscarves can be upheld.
Steered by Kilicdaroglu, the occasion managed to unseat ruling occasion mayors in Istanbul and Ankara in 2019 by launching an efficient native election marketing campaign. Till then, the occasion had misplaced all parliamentary and presidential elections below Kilicdaroglu. The favored mayors of Ankara and Istanbul have campaigned on his behalf.
Kilicdaroglu is vulnerable to fumbles, nonetheless. On April 1, he was pressured to apologize after he was photographed by chance treading on a prayer rug. Erdogan, who has relentless mocked Kilicdaroglu over time, used the incident to painting his rival as disrespectful to non secular values.
Erdogan regularly refers to Kilicdaroglu as “Bay Kemal” or “Mr. Kemal” to painting him as a elitist political determine who’s out of contact with folks from Turkey’s conservative, impoverished heartland, although Kilicdaroglu comes from a low-income background. Kilicdaroglu has embraced the nickname in response, regularly referring to himself as “Bay Kemal.”
Many have speculated that his Alevi background may value Sunni votes. Kilicdaroglu spoke about his Alevi heritage for the primary time in a video tackle in April, when he referred to as on younger voters to place an finish to divisive sectarianism politics.
Not like Erdogan, whose management of mainstream media permits him to dominate the airwaves, Kilicdaroglu has been attempting to woo voters with movies recorded from his modest kitchen and posted on social media. Photographs of his kitchen at the moment are getting used as background for video convention calls.
In 2017, Kilicdaroglu grabbed worldwide consideration when he walked for 25 days from Ankara to Istanbul in a “March for Justice” to protest the conviction of one in every of his lawmakers and a large-scale authorities crackdown on critics following a 2016 coup try.
The politician survived an assault in 2016 when Kurdish rebels fired a missile at a convoy he was touring in. Three years later, he escaped one other assault by suspected Erdogan supporters whereas attending the funeral of a soldier slain in clashes with the rebels.
“Turkey goes via a troublesome interval,” Toprak mentioned. Kilicdaroglu, “who is just not power-hungry, will overcome this troubled interval via reconciliation and tolerance. The nation has a one-man rule downside. That may go away.”
Related Press writers Zeynep Bilginsoy and Mehmet Guzel in Istanbul contributed to this report.