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Chaos in Sudan. A fragile ceasefire and humanitarian crisis

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In Sudan, the announced ceasefire between government forces and the RSF paramilitary group did not completely stop the fighting, although it calmed the situation somewhat for a few hours. Clashes continue in the capital city of Khartoum and other cities. Humanitarian organizations operating on the ground are alarming that the fighting does not allow for the safe evacuation of civilians and the removal of bodies lying in the streets.

Another 24-hour ceasefire in Sudan went into effect at 6 p.m. Wednesday. It was another – as it turns out, unsuccessful – attempt to calm the situation.

Despite the temporary truce, the clashes continued and explosions and gunfire continued to be heard in many cities. Fighting continues in Khartoum as well as in the neighboring city of Omdurman and in other regions of the country, such as Darfur and areas of northern and eastern Sudan, near the borders with Egypt and Ethiopia.


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Destroyed vehicles in KhartoumOmer Erdem/Anadolu Agency via Getty Images

Bodies in the streets, the death toll grows

Since fighting broke out between the two sides on Saturday over a political dispute over the incorporation of the RSF into the regular armed forces, humanitarian organizations have been asking for a truce that would allow them to reach the wounded, evacuate civilians and collect corpses lying on the streets. The attempt has already been made four times, but usually, after a short period of relative calm, the parties to the conflict return to fighting in which tanks are used and air attacks occur.

“None of the parties to the conflict guaranteed us the ability to act, we could not send medics or ambulances,” the representatives of the Sudanese Medical Association said.

Smoke over Khartoum MOHND AWAD/PAP/EPA

Residents of the country’s capital, who are hiding in their homes from shootings in the streets, are running out of food and other supplies. Many hospitals have been destroyed or are overflowing with the wounded. Exhausted staff work in functioning hospitals, the AP agency reports.

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Nearly 300 people have died and more than 3,000 have been injured in the last five days, according to figures UN. The numbers could be much higher, however, because the bodies that lie in the streets cannot be counted. The Sudan Medical Association said on Tuesday that at least 174 civilians had been killed. More recent data is not available at the moment.

Humanitarian organizations operating in Sudan are alarming that the fighting does not allow for the safe evacuation of civiliansPAP/EPA/STRINGER

After another announced ceasefire failed on Tuesday evening, hundreds of people tried to flee the capital, which became the arena of fighting.

Buried hopes for democratization of the country

The conflict has shattered hopes for democracy in Sudan and could play an important role in the regional rivalry between Russia and the United States, reports Reuters. Sudan is located in a strategic place between Egypt, Saudi Arabia and Ethiopia. The defense ministry of neighboring Chad said that “thousands of refugees seeking refuge” fleeing the conflict in Sudan were crossing the country’s borders.

The Sudanese army said on Thursday that 177 Egyptian soldiers who were in Sudan on joint exercises at the time the fighting broke out have been successfully evacuated to the country.

Clashes in Khartoum Omer Erdem/Anadolu Agency via Getty Images

Also on Thursday, General Khalifa Haftar, a prominent Libyan political figure who founded a paramilitary organization seeking to overthrow Libyan dictator Muammar Gaddafi with the support of the CIA, denied that he had offered support to one of the parties to the conflict in Sudan. His office assured that the Libyan National Army (LNA), led by Haftar, was ready to act as a mediator between the Sudanese armed forces and the RSF.

Earlier this week, CNN reporter Nima Elbagir said the current conflict was “the result of Russia’s struggle for influence and (Russia’s) exploitation of Sudan’s gold resources.”

Main photo source: Omer Erdem/Anadolu Agency via Getty Images

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