15.4 C
Monday, May 27, 2024

Climate change. Nearly 195,000 people have died from extreme weather events over four decades

Must read

- Advertisement -

Nearly 195,000 people have died from extreme weather events in Europe since 1980. people, and these disasters were associated with losses of 560 billion euros, the European Environment Agency reported. A new report offers a pessimistic view of summers in the 21st century, which could be even deadlier.

In a report published on Wednesday, the European Environment Agency (EEA) analyzed how summer extreme weather events are increasingly affecting Europe’s population, economy and nature. The document shows that in the 27 countries of today’s EU, from 1980 to 2021, almost 195 thousand. people lost their lives due to events such as floods, stormsheat and frost, forest fires and landslides. These disasters also caused losses of €560 billion.

Heatwaves were the deadliest, causing 159,000 deaths. victims and EUR 77 billion in damages. Floods resulted in 4.1 thous. deaths and €258 billion in damage. Droughts, fires and frosts are 15.1 thousand. victims and EUR 43 billion in losses, and storms and landslides account for 3.8 thousand. victims and EUR 183 billion in damages.

SEE ALSO: Drought in Poland “is permanent and will eventually affect us all”

Pessimistic forecasts on climate change

- Advertisement -

The report highlights that heatwaves in Europe are becoming more frequent, longer and more extreme. According to the EEA, the forecasts for the coming years are not optimistic, because the situation will not change in the future if preventive measures are not implemented. The south of Europe is particularly at risk of heat, where even more than 60 days a year, summer can be so hot that the temperature will threaten human health, resulting in more deaths and hospital visits.

Fire in Spain in 2017Shutterstock

In turn, north-western and central Europe will be most at risk of flooding, which will result from increasingly violent rainfall. Across the continent, losses caused by floods increase by an average of 2% each year. The EEA also predicts droughts will increase in Europe, with “catastrophic consequences” for agriculture. The southern and central part of the continent will be particularly affected. Depending on how far global warming progresses, it will turn out how much exactly the losses will be in all sectors of the economy. The agency predicts that with a warming of 1.5 degrees Celsius, losses related to droughts will amount to EUR 25 billion per year, and with 3 degrees Celsius even EUR 45 billion per year. Currently, losses amount to EUR 9 billion a year.

Forest fires will remain an equally dangerous phenomenon. The south of Europe, and especially the Iberian Peninsula, will be most at risk of their occurrence, although they will increasingly occur even in the north, and the number of people living near their occurrence will increase by 15 million (24% .) if the global average temperature rises by 3 degrees Celsius.

The report emphasizes that in order to protect the health and life of the population, it is necessary to implement measures related to safety during heat waves, to expand green and water areas in cities, and to take preventive health measures related to climate change.

SEE ALSO: Extremely dangerous. RCB alert for subsequent poviats

Main photo source: Shutterstock

Source link

More articles

- Advertisement -

Latest article