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Climate change. Second in Europe, fifth in the world. Another record warm year 2022 is behind us. New Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S) report

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According to experts from the Earth observation program – Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S) – last year should be considered one of the warmest in history. In the case of our continent, it was ranked second in the infamous ranking, and in the scale of the whole world it took fifth place. As indicated in the new report, in 2022 there was no shortage of extreme weather events caused by exacerbating climate change.

According to the latest report by the EU’s Earth observation program – Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S) – 2022 was Europe’s second warmest year on record. The climate change we are facing has contributed to record-breaking weather extremes that have reduced crop yields, dried up rivers and led to thousands of deaths.

Globally, 2022 was the fifth warmest year on record, C3S also reported. Although the measurements of the organization date back to 1950, the analyzes used data dating back to at least 1850.

A few days ago, climate experts in the UK confirmed that for their country, 2022 was the warmest year on record.

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Air temperature anomalies in 2022 in the worldCopernicus Climate Change Service/ECMWF

The terrifying consequences of climate change

C3S reported in its report that the last eight years have been the hottest period in the entire world. Current estimates say that the Earth’s average temperature is 1.2 degrees Celsius warmer than pre-industrial levels. These changes were caused by man. C3S reported that temperatures in Europe have risen more than twice the global average over the last three decades.

“We are already experiencing the devastating consequences of our warming world,” said C3S Deputy Director Samantha Burgess, who called for urgent action to reduce CO2 emissions and adapt to a changing climate.

In countries like Italy if Spain Temperature records were broken last summer. Severe heatwaves caused more than 20,000 “excessive” deaths in countries including France, Germany, Spain and the UK, Reuters reported.

The heat was accompanied by a lack of rain, which combined to cause widespread drought, which according to analyzes was worst in Europe in 500 years. The low water level has made navigation on the Rhine much more difficult and has hit hydroelectric power generation, while the lack of rainfall has reduced maize and soybean yields. Heat and drought were also the cause of the great ones fires from Spain to Slovenia.

Ranking of the average annual temperature in 2022 for individual European countriesCopernicus Climate Change Service/ECMWF.

Stop the emissions

CS3 reported that global temperatures will only stop rising if countries reduce their emissions to “net zero” – meaning they don’t release more greenhouse gases into the atmosphere than they remove. EU countries, the UK, Canada, Japan and some others have committed to this target by 2050, while China and India intend to meet this target later.

Despite these commitments, global greenhouse gas emissions are on the rise. The concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere averaged about 417 ppm (parts per million) in 2022, the highest level in more than two million years, C3S pointed out.

The report also notes that other regions of the world have also been affected by devastating climate change, and that global warming has continued to hit poor countries hardest. Flooding in Pakistan has killed at least 1,700 peopleand drought decimated Somalia’s livestock population.

Main photo source: PAP/EPAVASSIL DONEV/Copernicus Climate Change Service/ECMWF

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