5.6 C
London
Thursday, December 9, 2021

Climate crisis. European report: three times more people flee the climate than from armed conflicts

Must read

- Advertisement -


The European Parliamentary Research Service has produced a report on the effects of climate change. “Since 2008, more than 318 million people have been displaced due to climate disasters,” it said. As explained, “this corresponds to one person displaced every second or the entire Australian population who is displaced every year.” The analysis takes into account the statistics of the Internal Displacement Monitoring Center (IDMC), according to which “climate disasters cause more than three times more displacement than conflicts and violence”.

The European Parliament Research Service on the occasion of the UN Climate Summit (COP26) in Glasgow, has prepared a study on climate change.

“Depending on the frequency and scale of major natural disasters, there are significant fluctuations in the total number of displaced from year to year, but the trend has intensified in recent decades. Many find refuge in their own country, but some are forced to move abroad” .

WATCH TVN24 ON THE INTERNET ON TVN24 GO >>>

Referring to the report of the Internal Displacement Monitoring Center (IDMC), the number of the so-called climate displaced persons. “Since 2008, more than 318 million people have been displaced by climate disasters, this corresponds to one person displaced every second or the entire Australian population that is displaced every year,” it said.

- Advertisement -

Climate demonstrations at the occasion of COP26PAP / EPA / ROBERT PERRY

“Climate refugees” are there, though without a clear definition

Analysts noted that this summer, Europe witnessed heavy and unprecedented floods, especially in Belgium and Germany, and “heat domes” in the Mediterranean region. Scientists relate these phenomena directly to climate change.

According to experts, the number of “climate refugees” is likely to increase. Meanwhile, national and international responses to this problem have been limited and protection of those affected remains insufficient. “What further exacerbates the protection gap for such people, often referred to as ‘climate refugees’, is that there is no clear definition of this category of people, nor are they covered by the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees,” noted a study by think PE tank.

That convention applies only to persons who have a well-founded fear of persecution on the basis of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, and who are unable or unwilling to seek protection in their home countries.

READ ALSO: COP26 concluded with an agreement >>>

Climate report: Entire countries like the Netherlands could disappear

Experts pointed out that even if global warming remains below 2 degrees C, the level of the oceans will rise by up to 60 cm. Cities like Mumbai, Jakarta, Shanghai, New York and Venice are under severe threat from rising sea levels and flooding, and scientists refer to them as “the real Atlantis”.

“Entire countries like the Netherlands may even disappear and their populations will be forced to move. It is believed that some 300 million people will be exposed to annual floods by 2050. Moreover, according to the United Nations, in Cape Town, South Africa alone, up to 125,000 people may be displaced by rising sea levels by the end of the 21st century, “the study indicates.

Climate demonstrations at the occasion of COP26PAP / EPA / ROBERT PERRY

“Climate disasters cause over three times more displacement than conflicts”

According to the latest report by the Internal Displacement Monitoring Center (IDMC), in 2020 Afghanistan was the most affected country in terms of displacement due to natural hazards. 1.1 million people have been displaced due to climate disasters. At the same time, according to Eurostat, Afghans are also the second largest nationality seeking asylum in the EU.

“Climate disasters cause more than three times more displacement than conflicts and violence, while triggering local conflicts or worsening ongoing ones. In any case, the vulnerability of forcibly displaced populations has been aggravated by violence and insecurity. (…) in sub-Saharan Africa and elsewhere, for example. ‘ natural disasters often overlap with conflicts, “the IDMC report emphasized.

It added that drought in Somalia, for example, has forced people to flee from rural to urban areas, where they are now more vulnerable to eviction and attacks by armed groups. As noted, it is only when climate-induced forcibly displaced people also face stigma and violence in the region to which they are fleeing that their situation may fall within the scope of the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees, allowing them to be granted legal status and protection.

The effects of climate change PAP

Main photo source: PAP / EPA / ROBERT PERRY



Source link

More articles

- Advertisement -

Latest article