Four billion dollars will be spent on helping developing countries to make their agriculture greener and more climate-resilient, and to make land management more sustainable. 45 countries committed to this at the COP26 climate conference.
Due to the growing number of people in the world and, consequently, the growing food needs, further areas, often forests or meadows, are allocated to agricultural crops. This is especially true in developing countries. As a result, the level of emissions is doubling – the area of land used by humans is increasing, which generates about a quarter of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions, and the area of forests, which absorb carbon dioxide, is reduced.
The measures promised at an ongoing climate conference in Glasgow are designed to help farmers in developing countries increase their productivity, implement innovations, including the development of crops more resilient to climate change, and improve soil health to reduce the need to take more land for agriculture.
– We need action from every part of society, including an urgent global transformation of the way we manage ecosystems and grow, produce and consume food. There must be a fair and equitable transition that will protect the livelihood and food security of millions of people around the world, and farmers, indigenous peoples and local communities will play a major role in these plans, UK Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Minister George Eustice said.
COP26 climate conference
The main goal of COP26 is to strengthen the arrangements made in Paris in 2015, when for the first time all countries signed an agreement to fight global warming and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. It was then agreed that all parties would “continue their efforts” to limit the global temperature rise to 1.5 degrees Celsius from pre-industrial levels and keep this rise “well below” 2.0 degrees Celsius.
Main photo source: Reuters