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Coronavirus in the world. Epidemic restrictions in individual countries – when certificates and tests are needed

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Coronavirus, and more recently its omicron variant in particular, is spreading around the world at a tremendous pace. To fight the COVID-19 epidemic, individual countries are introducing restrictions. Most often it is a requirement to show covid certificates, among others, in restaurants or at sports events. Some countries have mandated the wearing of specific types of face masks or have imposed restrictions on private gatherings.

Worldwide, 350 million people remained infected with the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus by Sunday. 5.6 million of them died. The authorities of individual countries differ in their approach to epidemic restrictions, e.g. in restaurants, cinemas, theaters, at work or on public transport. In some cases, proof of recovery or a test is sufficient, and in others, full immunization is necessary. There are also differences in the required type of masks.

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In Dusseldorf – as in other German regions – vaccinated and healed people will enter the restaurantPAP / EPA / SASCHA STEINBACH

Covid certificates or negative test results needed to enter the restaurant

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IN Switzerland and from a week on Germany in restaurants, the 2G + rule applies, i.e. admission for vaccinated and convalescents who must provide proof of receiving a booster dose COVID-19 vaccines or a negative PCR test result from 72 hours ago. Similar rules apply in Portugal at the entrance to bars and nightclubs.

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The 2G + principle applies in Germany and Switzerland PAP / EPA / SASCHA STEINBACH

Moreover, in Portugal – but also Romania, Belgium and on Cyprus – at the entrance to the restaurant, there is a covid certificate covering people who are vaccinated, cured or have a negative test result. Additionally, in Romania, such sites may be open until 10 p.m. and operate at 50 or 30 percent efficiency depending on the infection rate in a given area.

In Romania, masks are also worn on a daily basisPAP / EPA / ROBERT GHEMENT

IN Spain the rules for the use of such a certificate are decided by the authorities of individual autonomous communities. Currently in Catalonia and Andalusia, the certificate is necessary, among others at the entrance to all bars, restaurants and clubs, and in Valencia only if they can accommodate more than 50 people.

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In Italyon Slovakia, In Czechia and in Greece admission to gastronomic points is limited to vaccinated and cured persons. In the Czech Republic, six people can sit at one table, while in Slovakia four or more if they are family members.

From Monday, restaurants and bars in France will only admit guests aged 16 and over who have proof of vaccination, i.e. a vaccine passport.

Cultural and sports events – restrictions on the number of spectators and fans, certificates required

In Belgium, indoor theaters, cinemas and concerts can accommodate an audience of up to 200 people. However, if more than 50 people are attended, a covid certificate is required. For outdoor events, a certificate is required from 100 participants.

Participation in sporting events and events in Portugal where no reserved seats are available is subject to proof of vaccination or cure and negative test result. Those who have received a booster dose of vaccines are exempt from the latter requirement.

Public assemblies in Sweden with 20 to 500 participants must offer their guests a seat, and proof of vaccination is required at events with larger audiences.

Coronavirus in SwedenReuters

Only vaccinated and convalescents are allowed to enter Italian cinemas and theaters, as is the case in Germany and Switzerland. In Italy, this rule also applies to stadiums. In Switzerland, outdoor sports and cultural events take place without restrictions.

Whereas Turkish fans must provide proof that they have received a booster dose to enter the soccer stadiums.

A covid certificate is also sometimes needed in beauty salons, including ItalyPAP / EPA / LUCA ZENNARO

What restrictions for private meetings?

Not all countries have restrictions on private meetings. In Switzerland, 30 people can participate in such confined-space gatherings, but if at least one of them over 16 years old is not vaccinated or has not had COVID-19, then there is a maximum of 10 participants. The limit of outdoor meetings is 50 people.

In Bavaria and Berlin, private meetings are allowed only with representatives of your own home and a maximum of two people from another household. Children under the age of 14 are not included. However, if only vaccinated and convalescent people meet, gatherings of up to 10 people from different households are allowed.

In Belgium, however, there is no limit on meetings at home, but weddings and funerals must follow the same rules as for sports and cultural events.

The COVID-19 epidemic and work

Germany, Italy, Slovakia – in these countries, admission to workplaces is limited to the vaccinated, cured and those with negative test results.

In Belgium and Switzerland, remote work is compulsory wherever possible, while in Belgium it is allowed to stay at the workplace once a week.

In Greece, remote work was extended to the public sector in early January. Likewise, in Portugal, most officials in public institutions perform teleworking there.

Public transport. Masks compulsory in most countries, sometimes also certified

Most countries require that you cover your face and nose and keep your distance when using public transport. Additionally, in Italy a covid certificate is required for vaccinated, convalescent and negative test holders. In France, and from Monday, a vaccine passport will be required for long-distance transport and interregional public transport.

Masks – specific requirements as to the type

In Slovakia, the Czech Republic and some German Länder, specific types of masks are required indoors – class FFP2 / N95 or higher, i.e. face-tight and filtering up to 94%. molecules. IN Austria this type of mask is also valid outside in places where two meters distance cannot be kept.

In Italy, all must wear FFP2 face masks in transport, cinemas, theaters, concert halls and sporting events. Likewise, in secondary schools, one case of a positive test result is detected in the classroom.

In Germany, this type of protection is required in the Bundestag and elsewhere, which is regulated at the level of the Länder.

In Greece, an FFP2 or a double surgical mask is required in supermarkets and public transport.

Main photo source: PAP / EPA / SASCHA STEINBACH



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