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COVID-19: Booster jabs for over-40s – The info behind the vaccine growth and the path to a lockdown-free winter | UK Information

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The vaccine booster rollout is to be prolonged to individuals aged 40 and over, the federal government introduced earlier in the present day.

Booster doses had beforehand solely been out there to individuals aged 50 and over, in addition to those that are medically susceptible in youthful age teams, well being staff and shut contacts of individuals with weak immune programs.

It’s hoped {that a} profitable vaccine booster programme may help the UK keep away from one other lockdown over the winter interval – notably over Christmas – as has already occurred in Austria and the Netherlands this week.

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However what does the information inform us about why this step has been taken now and why the federal government thinks it’s so vital?

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Hospitalisation charges began to rise throughout the UK in summer season, as immunity started to wane amongst older age teams.

However charges amongst these teams have began to come back down for the reason that booster rollout has accelerated.

Because the chart above chart reveals, hospitalisations have been falling steadily for over-60s for some weeks now, however they haven’t for individuals within the comparatively youthful age teams.

A examine launched on Monday by the UK Well being and Safety Company, quoted by deputy chief medical officer Jonathan Van-Tam throughout in the present day’s announcement, reveals the excessive ranges of safety that the booster provides you, even in comparison with individuals who have had two doses.

Individuals on the examine who had a booster jab had been 4 occasions much less more likely to check Positive for COVID in contrast with those that had acquired two jabs greater than 5 months in the past.

These UK figures match carefully to these of an Israeli examine launched just lately and likewise referenced by Professor Van-Tam on Monday morning.

After a 3rd dose, COVID an infection was lowered tenfold, hospitalisations from COVID had been virtually 19 occasions decrease. And deaths had been down by virtually 15 occasions, based on that Israeli examine.

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Professor Van-Tam additionally spoke in regards to the larger hospitalisation danger for unvaccinated youthful individuals, in contrast with double-jabbed individuals of the identical age.

Though greater than 4 in 5 over 50s have had a COVID vaccine, solely two in three 18 to 39-year-olds have finished so.

Unvaccinated 20 to 29-year-olds are 5 occasions extra more likely to find yourself in hospital after contracting coronavirus, in contrast with those that had been double jabbed. Professor Van-Tam mentioned the chance is 4 occasions larger for 30 to 39-year-olds.

Different European international locations are resorting to lockdowns once more, in response to excessive case numbers and hospital admissions throughout the continent.

The Netherlands returned to lockdown measures on Saturday, with bars, eating places and supermarkets all closing from 8pm.

Austria’s lockdown, which began today, solely impacts the unvaccinated in the mean time.

Two million individuals who haven’t had a jab there, practically 1 / 4 of the inhabitants, are actually solely allowed to depart their properties for work, college, train and shopping for important provides.

Professor Neil Ferguson, an epidemiologist and member of the federal government’s Scientific Advisory Group for Emergencies (SAGE), mentioned on Saturday that the UK was unlikely to have to resort to similar measures.

That is partly due to the profitable booster rollout and better vaccine uptake relative to these international locations, but additionally the upper pure stage of immunity Britain picked up because of having had a better an infection charge than different European international locations.

Professor Ferguson mentioned the excessive variety of {cases} “has clearly had a draw back”. However, “paradoxically it had an upside of boosting the immunity of the inhabitants in comparison with international locations like Germany, the Netherlands and France”.

The purpose about vaccines was additionally reinforced by Prime Minister Boris Johnson throughout a briefing on Monday afternoon.

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PM makes COVID vaccine plea

“These international locations with decrease vaccination charges have tended to see larger surges in an infection and in flip been pressured to reply with harsher measures, whereas these international locations with larger vaccination charges have thus far fared higher,” he mentioned.

“If we wish to keep away from restrictions on our every day lives, we should all be vaccinated as quickly as potential.”

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