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Czech Republic. Inaugural session of the parliament. Petr Fiala on a mission to form a new government

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The President of the Czech Republic, Milosz Zeman, entrusted the chairman of the Civic Democratic Party (ODS), Petr Fiali, with the mission to form the new government, the presidential office announced on Tuesday. In the Czech Republic, entrusting such a mission is a political custom, not a law. On Monday, five Czech political parties signed an agreement to form a government coalition.

The future Fiali cabinet will be made up of politicians from two electoral lists: SPOLU, created by the right-wing ODS, the Christian Democratic Czechoslovak People’s Union (KDU-CZSL) and the conservative movement Tradition Responsibility Prosperity (TOP09), and PirSTAN, created by the Czech Pirate Party and the Mayors and Independent Movement (STAN).

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Commentators noted that President Zeman, who has been at the Central Military Hospital (UVN) since October 10, has thus accepted the creation of a new majority in the Chamber of Deputies and its readiness to take responsibility for the country.

The chancellery’s communiqué stated that the president expects Fiala to inform him of the results of his mission so that he can decide on further constitutional steps. The first should be to entrust the chairman of the ODS with the function of prime minister and to hand over nominations to the members of the new cabinet.

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Petr Fiala PAP / EPA / MARTIN DIVISEK

Inaugural session of the parliament

On Monday, the Chamber of Deputies of the Parliament of the Czech Republic started its inaugural session. 196 deputies took the oath, four justified their absence with health reasons and will complete the formalities later.

The session will continue on Wednesday when MPs elect the leadership of the House. For the first time since 1989, there will be no representatives of the Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia, whose candidates did not reach the 5% electoral threshold, in parliament. A similar fate befell the second formation of the historical left – the Czech Social Democratic Party, which co-founded the government of Prime Minister Andrej Babisz.

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Babish has a constitutional obligation to submit the resignation of the cabinet to President Zeman on the day of the end of the inaugural session. According to observers, this should take place on Friday.

The inauguration of the Czech parliamentPAP / EPA / MARTIN DIVISEK

Election of the Sejm leadership on Wednesday

On the first day of the session, the newly sworn in MPs elected a returning committee that would oversee all votes in the House. On Wednesday, the leadership of the Czech Sejm will be elected, which may be chaired by Marketa Pekarova Adamova, head of the conservative movement Tradition Responsibility Prosperity (TOP09).

Journalists pointed out that during the inauguration, when the deputies were seated alphabetically, two Okamura brothers of Japanese origin, Tomio and Hayato, were sitting next to each other, arguing with each other and not maintaining contact. The first is the leader of the extreme anti-European party Freedom and Direct Democracy (SPD). Hayato became a member of the Christian Union and the Democratic Czechoslovak People’s Party (KDU-CZSL).

Petr Fiala (at the rostrum) and Andrej BabiszPAP / EPA / MARTIN DIVISEK

In the backstage it was said that during the Wednesday’s meeting there could be a sharp political clash between the new majority in parliament, composed of the electoral coalition SPOLU and PirSTAN, with two opposition parties. The hitherto prime minister’s movement Ano, which has the largest club in the chamber, demands the position of the chairman of the House, and the SPD does not intend to accept the lack of a place proposed by the majority for a representative of this party among the deputy chairmen. The SPD may not get it, as the party was mentioned in the reports of the secret services on political extremism in the Czech Republic.

Five-party coalition agreement

On Monday, the chairmen of five right-wing and centrist political parties and movements signed an agreement to form a government coalition.

The deal leading to the formation of the new government began immediately after the announcement of the preliminary election results, which gave the five parties that were to form the new cabinet a majority of 108 seats in the 200-seat Chamber of Deputies. Achieving this majority was possible thanks to the issuance of two joint SPOLU electoral lists: the right-wing Civic Democratic Party (ODS), the Christian Union and the Democratic Czechoslovak People’s Party (KDU-CZSL) and the conservative movement Tradition Responsibility Prosperity (TOP09), as well as PirSTAN, which was created by Czech Pirate Party and the Mayors and Independent Movement (STAN).

Five Czech parties have signed a coalition agreementPAP / EPA / MARTIN DIVISEK

The signed agreement provides for close cooperation between the leaders of the parties forming the joint government. They accept that the prime minister proposes candidates for individual ministerial positions to the president, but each time he has to seek the consent of a specific political party. Fiala stated at a press conference that there were no signals that President Milosz Zeman did not agree with the party’s candidates for ministers. “He hasn’t even recognized them yet,” said Fiala.

The new majority promises to carry out a pension reform, increase spending on defense and culture, and regular valorization of spending on health care. The contract included a commitment to maintain teachers’ salaries in the amount of 130 percent. average wage, as well as a commitment to create two new national parks. Membership in the European Union and NATO is to continue to be the most important determinant of Czech foreign policy. The document also mentions the cooperation in the Visegrad Group, which the Czech Republic creates together with Poland, Slovakia and Hungary. It is also about the development of relations with the United States and the traditional, strategic partnership with Israel. The new cabinet wants to return to “Havel’s” foreign policy, the aim of which is to support democracy, human rights and civil society.

Main photo source: PAP / EPA / MARTIN DIVISEK



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