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Donald Trump in court in Miami. What are the charges against him?

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Former US President Donald Trump arrived at the Miami Federal Court on Tuesday afternoon, where his criminal trial will take place. The 76-year-old is to hear 37 charges, including intentionally withholding national security information, and obstructing an investigation and making false statements.

Trump arrived at the courthouse before 2 p.m. local time (8 p.m. in Poland). The hearing will start at 3 p.m. local time in Wilkie D. Ferguson Jr. Federal Court in downtown Miami.

Usually, defendants who voluntarily appear in court are handcuffed, fingerprinted and signal photos taken. In Trump’s case, an exception is likely to be made and the former president will not face similar procedures other than fingerprinting.

The interrogation of the former president is expected to last about an hour. After him, the former president is expected to fly off to his golf club in Bedminster, New Jersey. He’s due to make a statement when he lands there.

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The trial is to be closed to cameras.

37 allegations. What threatens them?

Donald Trump he is the first former president in history USAon federal charges. He received a total of 37 of them. The most serious 31 of the charges are related to the deliberate retention of secret documents. The indictment listed each document and the clause it contained separately. These charges have been filed under the Espionage Actwhich criminalizes the unauthorized retention of U.S. national defense information.

There are also several allegations against Trump obstructing an investigation and colluding to obstruct an investigation. According to the indictment, Trump and his assistant Walter Nauta deliberately concealed the documents from the authorities – as well as from their own lawyers – by moving them from place to place and hiding them in the bedroom, ballroom and even the bathroom of their Mar-a-mansion, among others Lake Florida.

Secret documents held at Donald Trump’s Florida residence Reuters/US Department of Justice

Trump is also accused of making false statements. He allegedly suggested to his lawyers that they lie to investigators about the documents in his possession, and to destroy or hide them.

According to Just Security, the Espionage Act has a maximum penalty for each crime 10 years in prisonfor each charge of hindering the investigation and hiding documents, there is a penalty 12 years in prisonpenalties for making false statements 5 years of imprisonment. In the US, prison sentences can be cumulative.

To prove Trump’s guilt, prosecutors will have to show that his actions were intentional and that his purpose was to obstruct the investigation, whether or not those efforts were successful.

What about Trump’s political future?

Donald Trump in November 2022 officially announced his intention to run for president in the 2024 elections. “To make America great again, I am announcing my candidacy for office today president of the United States he announced during a speech at his Mar-a-Lago estate in Florida.

In light of the allegations against him, questions have arisen about Trump’s political future. However, the American media point out that he will be able to run for the office of head of state regardless of the final outcome of the trial. Neither the charges against him nor the possible conviction will prevent him from running in the elections.

The Politico portal notes that Trump will be able to participate in the race for the White House even from behind prison bars. And it wouldn’t be a precedent. In 1920, Eugene Debs, a socialist, ran for president of the United States, having been imprisoned in Atlanta the year before. The candidate of the Socialist Party received nearly one million votes at that time.

What was in the documents?

The indictment alleges that Trump took “hundreds” of classified documents to his home after losing power. Among them were materials on US nuclear programs as well as “the military capabilities of the US and other countries, potential vulnerabilities of the US and its allies to military attacks and plans for possible retaliation in response to an attack from abroad.”

Secret documents held at Donald Trump’s Florida residence Reuters/US Department of Justice

“Unauthorized disclosure of these documents could jeopardize U.S. national security, international relations, the security of the U.S. military, and personal sources and continued ability to collect sensitive intelligence information.”

The document also includes photos showing the conditions in which sensitive files were stored. In December 2021, the boxes containing the documents were allegedly tipped over and their contents spilled onto the floor, making the contents of the files visible to employees of the Trump estate.

Secret documents held at Donald Trump’s Florida residence Reuters/US Department of Justice

In turn, in July 2021, Trump was to openly show secret plans for a potential attack on Iran the author of one of the books (according to media reports, it was former White House chief of staff Mark Meadows) and his assistant. In another case, he showed an unauthorized person a map of a military operation.

Secret documents held at Donald Trump’s Florida residence Reuters/US Department of Justice

Reuters, PAP, Politico, Justsecurity.org

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