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Monday, December 4, 2023

Dutch chief pledges to repay debt to quake-hit area

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THE HAGUE, Netherlands — Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte apologized Tuesday to residents of the northern province of Groningen who’ve suffered for years from earthquakes brought on by gasoline extraction that broken hundreds of houses and ruined lives.

Rutte’s apology and a pledge to fund a generation-long program to revitalize the distant area got here as his authorities revealed its official response to a damning parliamentary fee report issued in February that mentioned the federal government owed the Groningen area a “debt of honor” after placing gasoline earnings earlier than individuals for many years.

“We stand right here, cap in hand,” Rutte instructed residents within the northern village of Garmerwolde. “We will not take away all of the affected by the previous. We will not undo what has gone improper since gasoline extraction began. However we’re decided to do issues otherwise, working intently with the individuals right here. And which means a dedication of years, an method for a complete technology.”

The federal government pledged to finish all gasoline extraction — which has already been scaled again to virtually nothing — by October, or by 2024 on the newest. It additionally mentioned it can spend a minimum of 22 billion euros ($24.25 billion) on paying for repairs to houses and infrastructure and to “spend money on the long-term financial perspective” of the area.

Groningen has for years been a hotbed of discontent fueled by the earthquakes and faltering authorities makes an attempt to compensate residents. Native authorities within the area referred to as the bundle “a step in the fitting route,” however in a written assertion mentioned they doubt if it could be sufficient to unravel issues with harm restore and strengthening” of buildings.

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“It’s definitely not sufficient to repay the ‘debt of honor’ that has arisen in many years of gasoline extraction,” they mentioned.

A consortium together with vitality giants Shell and ExxonMobil extracted gasoline from the massive Groningen underground reserves for many years earlier than the federal government took a call in 2018 to progressively cease pumping gasoline out of the Groningen discipline — one of many world’s largest at 2,800 billion cubic meters.

The parliamentary inquiry mentioned the massive earnings — through the years the Dutch state earned 363 billion euros from Groningen gasoline — blinded successive governments to the plight of individuals within the area.

“The pursuits of the individuals of Groningen have been structurally ignored in pure gasoline extraction in Groningen, with disastrous penalties for the individuals of Groningen,” the fee chargeable for the report mentioned in a press release in February.

Whereas gasoline extraction in Groningen is quickly coming to an finish, efforts are nonetheless underway to pump gasoline from below the North Sea off the Dutch coast.

A court docket in The Hague on Tuesday referred to as a brief halt to plans by a Dutch firm, ONE-Dyas, to develop a brand new gasoline discipline below Dutch and German waters near the German island of Borkum.

German environmentalists welcomed the ruling by a decide in The Hague in challenges to the Dutch authorities’s determination to grant permission for the undertaking.

Sascha Mueller-Kraenner, chief govt of the German environmental group DUH, that together with different teams filed the authorized challenges, referred to as it “an necessary step for the safety of the North Sea.”

ONE-Dyas mentioned in a written response that it is analyzing the ruling and added that it regrets that the choice “blocks our additional preparations for the manufacturing of pure gasoline from the N05-A discipline within the North Sea.”

The corporate mentioned it “threatens to place out of sight our objective to contribute to the demand for pure gasoline within the Netherlands and Germany with home pure gasoline so long as this home demand exists.”



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