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Earthquake in Turkey and Syria. Experts estimated the number of victims in the worst case

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The number of people killed as a result of the earthquake in Turkey and Syria may reach around 67,000, according to the results of their analyzes by German experts from the Institute of Geophysics at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT). As it was added, it may be one of the largest disasters of this type in the world in over a hundred years.

The death toll from Monday’s earthquake that hit southeastern Turkey and northwestern Syria continues to rise. According to data provided on Thursday evening, it exceeded 20,000. According to experts, the number of dead may still increase significantly. This was estimated by scientists from the German Institute of Geophysics at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT).

“Rapid predictions based on empirical damage models suggest between 11,800 and around 67,000 fatalities,” said Andreas Schaefer of KIT. The analysis was published on Wednesday. Estimates of these types of disasters are calculated based on historical comparisons, current data on building infrastructure and population, as well as factors such as the time of day the quake occurred.

In the past, the newspaper recalled, the region around the city of Antioch was often hit by strong earthquakes, and this time it was also heavily affected. “This area is geologically very unstable,” Schafer said, quoted by Zeit. It is located at the junction of tectonic plates, which is why this region experiences frequent tremors. “There were tensions building up at the plate boundaries that have now eased off,” he explained.

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Read also: Earthquake in Turkey and Syria. Why was it so strong? The expert answers

Earthquake in Turkey and SyriaPAP

One of the deadliest

According to the KIT, the earthquakes that hit Turkey and Syria on Monday – the first with a magnitude of 7.8 and the second with a magnitude of 7.7 – are likely to be among the 20 deadliest earthquakes in the world since 1900. Eleven of the 100 deadliest earthquakes since have occurred in Turkey.

In 1999, an earthquake in Izmit, Turkey, killed 17,000-18,000 people. Measurements showed that the quake had a magnitude of 7.6.

Earthquakes in Turkey and Syria PAP

Earthquake in Turkey and Syria

The epicenter of the 7.8 magnitude earthquake that hit southeastern Turkey and northwestern Syria on Monday morning was in Turkey’s Kahramanmaras province. Less than 12 hours later, a second 7.7-magnitude quake occurred several dozen kilometers to the north. Both phenomena were accompanied by a series of over 100 aftershocks.

The affected region of south-eastern Turkey and north-western Syria is seismically active and tremors are frequent. However, the latter is the most powerful cataclysm of this type in this region in recent times.

The deadliest earthquake in the history of seismic measurements was recorded in 1976 in the Chinese province of Tangshan. The official figures of the authorities spoke of 250,000 victims. They were probably greatly underestimated, because some sources gave the number of people killed as high as 650,000. The earthquake in Tangshan had an official magnitude of 7.5, although other measurements put it as high as 8.2. In turn, the magnitude of 9.5 was the strongest recorded quake in history, in 1960, in Chile. More than 1,650 people died then.

PAP, zeit.de, tvnmeteo.pl

Main photo source: PAP/EPA/ABIR SULTAN



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