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Ebrahim Raisi is dead. For many, this information was a reason for joy. Who was the “Butcher of Tehran”?

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Iran has started funeral ceremonies after the tragic death of President Ebrahim Raisi and the Iranian foreign minister. Iran's spiritual leader Ali Khamenei has announced five days of mourning, but not all Iranians believe they have a reason to do so. Those who can talk about it openly because they left the country call the late president the butcher of Tehran. Some remind us of his crimes in the 1980s, others of the bloody suppression of protests after the murder of Mahsa Amini.

They did not receive justice for his crimes. Therefore, for many Iranians, the announcement of the tragic death of President Ebrahim Raisi is simply a reason for joy.

– Raisi played a key role in the massacre of 30,000 political prisoners in Iran in 1988, 90 percent of whom were from the Iranian opposition mujahideen. You can't find a single family in Iran that hasn't been hurt by him, wounded in some way, said Javad Dabiran of the National Council of the Iranian Resistance Movement, branch in Germany.

“We hope to regain our country as soon as possible.”

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You can see smiles on the faces of members of the Iranian opposition living in exile in Germany, because the end of Raisi may be the beginning of a new path – that's what they believe. – We are very, very happy and hope that we will regain our country as soon as possible. Free Iran – says Mohammadreza Sharafati, an Iranian living in Germany.

There was dancing and music in front of the Iranian embassy in London. – I can only say that the only thing that really made me happy in the last five years was the news of Raisi's death – admitted an Iranian woman who had to remain anonymous.

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“He definitely has the most blood on his hands.” Who was the late president of IranJoanna Stempień/Fakty o Świecie TVN24 BiS

A Kurdish woman, Mersedeh Shahinkar, lost an eye in 2022 during protests against the Iranian regime. This was after the death of Mahsa Amini. Two years ago, 22-year-old Mahsa Amini was arrested and beaten to death by morality police for allegedly not covering her hair sufficiently with a hijab. Enraged crowds took to the streets.

Raisi, who had been elected president a year earlier, called for decisive action against people who “do not want security and peace in the country.” The demonstrations were bloodily suppressed. In the first week after Amini's death, dozens of people died in protests.

“Raisi has long been nicknamed the butcher of Tehran”

– We have numerous reports from organizations protecting human rights, talking about torture in prison or during detention, beatings by unknown perpetrators, so the scale of political violence in this regime is large – says Dr. Hab. Łukasz Fyderek from the Institute of the Middle and Far East at the Jagiellonian University.

Raisi has long been nicknamed the butcher of Tehran. This is because in the second half of the 1980s, as a prosecutor, he sat on the so-called death tribunals and was responsible for mass executions of political prisoners after the Islamic Revolution, which led to the transformation of then morally relatively liberal Iran from a constitutional monarchy into an Islamic republic.

– The death sentences or sentences in general that were imposed on Raisi, both when he was a prosecutor and when he was a judge, are sentences for illegality, they are extrajudicial sentences, sentences for resistance against the Islamic Republic, sentences for protests – explained Jakub Katulski from the “Relatively Middle East” podcast.

– His death is a serious blow to the entire regime. It will trigger a series of consequences for theocratic tyranny and encourage rebellious youth to take action, commented Marjam Rajavi, head of the National Council of the Iranian Resistance, who lives in France.

According to Iran's constitution, in the event of the president's death, his position is temporarily assumed by his first deputy. Currently, this role is filled by Mohammad Mokhber, a Khamenei loyalist.

Facts about the World TVN24 BiS

Main photo source: Reuters

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