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Germany is taking care of migrants. Deportations have significantly accelerated

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At the end of 2023, it was listed in the Central Register of Foreigners 3.17 million people seeking protection, i.e. 95,000 more than in the previous year – reported the Federal Statistical Office in Wiesbaden. Also in 2022, the number increased due to the invasion Russia already Ukraine.

The majority of asylum seekers are still from Ukraine

The largest group of asylum seekers, numbering 977,000 people, comes from Ukraine. Compared to the previous year however, it decreased by three percent. Other large groups are refugees from Syria – 712 thousand (plus 6%), z Afghanistanu – 323 thousand (plus 13%), Iraq – 200 thousand (minus 5%) i Turkey – 152 thousand (plus 51%). These five nationalities constituted almost three quarters of all people seeking protection.

More than 2.5 million people had humanitarian protection status at the end of last year. There were such people by 12 percent more than in the previous year, which resulted mainly from the influx of Ukrainian war refugees. The vast majority, 87 percent, of all protected status holders received it for a limited period.

The importance of the asylum procedure

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About half of those in temporary protected status she obtained it as a result of the asylum procedure. Protection was also granted without such a procedure, for example after Russia attacked Ukraine. 189 thousand refugees asylum denied or protection status revoked.

Due to decisions that are not yet final, the protection status of 455,000 people was unresolved at the end of 2023 – 20 percent less than in the previous year, which, according to statisticians, was primarily related to more efficient processing of applications from people from Ukraine.

More expulsions from Germany

In the first quarter of this year, people were expelled from German proportionally much more people than at the beginning of 2023.

By the end of March 2024 with Germany 4,791 people without the right to stay were expelled – said the Federal Ministry of the Interior in response to an inquiry from the Left Group in the Bundestag. At the same time last year, they had to leave the country in this way 3,566 foreigners.

Data from the Ministry of Internal Affairs were provided by Evangelischer Pressedienst, and the first to receive them was “Neue Osnabrücker Zeitung”. Throughout last year 16,430 people were expelled from Germany.

In the first quarter, most of those expelled were citizens North Macedonia – 483. They were next in this statistics Türkiye (449), Georgia (416), Afghanistan (345) i Serbia (312).

Harsh words from a Left MP

Clara Bünger from the Left party, who submitted the inquiry, accused the German government of a “mania of expulsion”. “It seems that the moral inhibitions of the authorities are disappearing,” the MP said in an interview with “Neue Osnabrücker Zeitung”.

According to her, the number of expulsions is increasing, although there are fewer people obliged to leave Germany, and refugees “must fear returning to countries where they are at risk of war, arbitrary arrest, torture, extreme poverty or no prospects.”

According to Bünger, the increase in the number of expulsions to Iraq is particularly disturbing dangerous situation in this country. They also include Yezidi survivors of the genocide. “We urgently need a humanitarian right of residence for Yezidi refugees,” she emphasized.

Act on return optimization

The statistics for the first quarter were probably not even significantly influenced by the so-called Act on return optimization, which entered into force at the end of February. It contains numerous regulations aimed at more effective implementation of forced returns. It belongs to them extending the maximum detention time for illegal immigrants before removal from 10 to 28 days.

Recently, the police have also the right to enter various rooms in the place of collective accommodation of asylum seekersnot only to those occupied by wanted persons obliged to leave Germany.

dpa, epd/pesz, Polish Editorial Office of Deutsche Welle

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