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Healthy diet. Who gets up in the morning, eats better. Research results of Italian scientists

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People who get up in the morning and are more active in the first part of the day display healthier eating habits than the so-called night owls – showed a team of scientists from the University of Florence led by Sofia Lotti. The results of their work were published at the congress of the Italian Society for Human Nutrition (SINU) currently taking place in the capital of Tuscany.

The team led by Sofiai Lotti analyzed the influence of chronotype – an individual trait associated with the preferred time of activity – on body composition, eating habits and cardiometabolic risk. As it turned out, the so-called night owls showed worse eating habits than the so-called early risers in terms of both diet quality and daily calorie, fat and carbohydrate intake.

Waking up time and eating habits

The study was conducted on a group of 51 obese or overweight people, patients of the clinical nutrition department of the AOU Careggi University Hospital in Florence. A group of 15 men and 36 women of various ages were observed from March to April 2023. The morning chronotype, associated with better eating habits, was found in 74 percent of the participants, the researchers found.

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SEE ALSO: Scientists: one sleepless night ages the human brain by more than a year

The researchers found that 26 percent of those with the evening chronotype had worse eating habits than the rest of the participants. As they reported during the presentation of their findings at the SINU congress, the so-called night owls consume significantly more calories at lunch and dinner than early risers, which also translates into increased daily caloric intake. They also consume more sugary drinks, sweets and fast food, so their diet is more rich in carbohydrates and fats.

In addition, people with an evening chronotype had lower levels of folic acid and vitamin B12. Deficiency of the former may result in the presence of abnormal erythrocytes in the blood, as well as a reduced number of platelets and leukocytes. In turn, too low a level of vitamin B12 can lead to abnormalities in the formation of red blood cells – both in terms of their structure and quantity.

SEE ALSO: Do you have a dog or cat? Your sleep quality may be worse

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