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HEI analysis. War Research Institute: Russians withdraw specialized assault units

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Ukrainian intelligence has reported that Russian forces are starting to decommission specialized company-sized assault units and transferring their personnel to volunteer formations. As explained in the latest analysis by the Institute for War Studies, the Russian forces decided to take this step, among others, due to personnel problems. ISW also points out that the Ukrainian counterattack is complicated by Russian electronic warfare systems.

Ukrainian military intelligence reported on Thursday that the military command Russia appointed a special commission chaired by the deputy chief of staff of the Russian occupation forces in UkraineMajor General Oleg Polguyev, the purpose of which is to transfer soldiers of the special Storm-Z unit to the volunteer corps.

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The American think tank Institute for the Study of War recalls in its latest analysis that Russian forces formed the Storm-Z unit earlier this year, with the aim of carrying out offensive operations in cities such as Bakhmut and Avdiivka in Donetsk region.

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Initially, the Russian forces sent recruited convicts to this formation. The ISW cites reports from the Ukrainian intelligence, which said that “in practice, the units of the Sztorm-Z unit, equipped with the so-called special contingent, showed extremely low combat effectiveness.” According to the Ukrainian services, alcoholism, looting and desertion were rampant among the prisoners of the occupiers, in particular due to catastrophic losses.

Russian soldiersIllustrative photomil.ru

The commission, chaired by General Polguyev, was ordered to select approximately 2,000 soldiers from the Storm-Z unit, conduct training with them on training grounds located in the temporarily occupied territories of Ukraine, and transfer them to the combat zone.

Critical to complicating Ukrainian attacks

In the latest analysis, the Institute for Research on War also writes that the Ukrainian counterattack is complicated by Russian electronic warfare systems.

“Russian military electronic warfare systems have so far been critical in complicating Ukrainian attacks in the Zaporizhia region in the south, although it is not clear whether the effectiveness of this tactic is the result of the high capabilities of Russian systems or their more effective use,” emphasize the American think tank analysts.

The center cites Russian sources of Russian war bloggers who praise the Russian Murmansk and Krasucha electronic warfare systems, as well as the effective use of defensive tactics by Russian forces.

The Institute of Internal Affairs also admits that it has observed the effective use of defensive tactics by the Russians, where the first line of defense repels or inhibits Ukrainian attacks, and the second line counterattacks the units of the Ukrainian Armed Forces that managed to break the first line.

The think tank reiterates its earlier assessment that the first stage of Ukrainian attacks and Russian defenses should not be extrapolated to predict the outcome of the entire counter-offensive operation.

Footage of the destruction of the Russian electronic warfare system 30th Brigade/Facebook

Continuing the counter-offensive

“On June 15, Ukrainian forces continued counter-offensive activities in at least three directions and, according to reports, had territorial gains” – writes ISW. He quotes a statement by Mykhaily Podolak, an adviser to the President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky, from which it follows that “the counter-offensive as such has not yet begun, although attacks are already being launched.”

The Institute of Internal Affairs assessed that Ukraine’s current offensive operations are probably preparing the conditions, the initial phase of a broader counter-offensive, the goals of which are still unclear. Among other things, Ukrainian forces were to advance about one kilometer in the western part of the Donetsk Oblast last 24 hours and continue trying to improve their tactical positions in the Wuhledar region.

According to the General Staff of the Ukrainian Armed Forces, from the beginning of the counter-offensive, the Ukrainians were to advance about three kilometers in the area of ​​Mala Tokmachka in the western part of the Zaporizhzhia region and about seven kilometers in the area of ​​Velyka Novosilka, liberating seven towns.

Main photo source: mil.ru

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