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Homeless People’s Day. Who and why lives in the homeless crisis in Poland

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He is over 40 years old, he has lost his roof over his head due to a family conflict or addiction, he lives on benefits, possibly on a pension or disability pension. According to government data, this is how a statistical Pole in the homeless crisis looks like. But this problem is hard to describe with statistics. It affects young and old, men and women. On April 14, we celebrate Homeless People’s Day.

The informal celebration was initiated by Marek Kotański, the founder of the Monar association and the Markot Movement for Getting Out of Homelessness. The first edition of the Homeless People’s Day was held on April 14, 1996. Since then, we celebrate it every year in Poland. On this day, April 14, campaigns are organized to help people in the homelessness crisis, and articles appear in the media drawing public attention to the scale of this problem.

And it’s really big. Statistics published at the beginning of 2019 by the Ministry of Family, Labor and Social Policy indicated that 30.3 thousand people live without a roof over their heads in Poland. people. This is official data. Unofficially, it is said that there are many more people in the homeless crisis in our country. Perhaps even twice as much. The Ministry of Labor and Social Policy planned to conduct research on homelessness every two years, but the edition scheduled for 2021 was canceled due to the pandemic COVID-19. Therefore, for now, there are no data more recent than those from 2019.

Who are the people in the homeless crisis? What do they live on? Which parts of the country have the most of them?

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Homelessness – the main causes

According to the Ministry’s data, most often Poles enter the crisis of homelessness because of family conflicts. This reason was indicated by 32.2% of respondents. people included in the statistics. In second place among the causes was addiction, which made 28 percent of them lose their homes. people struggling with homelessness. The third most frequently cited reason for losing a permanent place of residence was eviction – in such circumstances, 26.3 percent ended up “on the street”. Poles in the crisis of homelessness, or at least those whose homelessness is officially known.

Other frequently cited reasons include: breakup of a relationship, debt, poor health or disability, as well as unemployment. Many people were homeless after leaving prison, the death or departure of a caregiver, or because of violence. Less often, homelessness was the result of failure to find work outside the place of residence.

Who falls into the crisis of homelessness

The vast majority are men. They constitute almost 25.4 thousand. from 30.3 thous. homeless people included in the government data. There are less than 5,000 women. – resulted from statistics from four years ago.

The age group most represented among people in the homeless crisis is the 41-60 age group. This applies to both men and women. In total, almost 14 thousand. people of that age were homeless at the beginning of 2019. At that time, over 10,000 of the homeless were over 60 years of age. Almost 5,000 people also struggled with the crisis of homelessness. representatives of the 26-40 age group. Less than 2,000 younger people, including children, lived “on the street”.

Where do people in the homeless crisis live?

The problem of homelessness concerns the whole of Poland, but by far the largest number of people without a roof over their heads in 2019 were in two voivodships: Mazowieckie (4,278 people) and Śląskie (4,255). In third place was the province of Pomorskie – then 3014 people. Over two thousand people stayed in the following voivodeships: Zachodniopomorskie, Wielkopolskie and Dolnośląskie. The least affected by the homeless crisis – exactly 646 – were in Podlasie. Fewer than 800 people also lived in the Świętokrzyskie Voivodship.

What do people in the homeless crisis live on?

They live mainly on benefits. 38% indicated it as the main source of income. over 30,000 group included in the statistics. The second most frequently cited source is pensions and pensionindicated by 15.8 percent. of them. 11.6 percent of people struggling with the crisis of homelessness considered hoarding as their main way of earning money. On the other hand, 17.8 percent declared that they had no source of income at all.

SEE ALSO: Situation of excluded people in Poland. “They’ve been pushed back. We don’t think about them in systemic terms”

Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Policy

Main photo source: tvn24

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