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Tuesday, February 27, 2024

How lengthy is an F1 race? Laps, time, distance and extra defined

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System 1 followers will discover that each grand prix lasts each a unique variety of laps and size of time, which makes it not like another motor racing classes on the planet.

It is because the collection runs to a particular distance relatively than period of time – just like the Le Mans 24 Hours, 12 Hours of Sebring and extra – because of the numerous circuits its calendar holds. That is to make sure each race is roughly the identical size, as a result of 70 laps round Silverstone may take double that of 70 laps in Montreal.

So as a substitute of a clock within the nook of the dwell feed, it’s a lap depend to inform followers how shut the race is to ending.

Many various components due to this fact contribute to how lengthy an F1 grand prix is as some have taken shut to 5 hours to complete whereas others are finished inside 60 minutes. So right here is all the pieces to know in regards to the guidelines round race size, controversy that has occurred over time and extra.

F1 race weekend format

Earlier than figuring out about how lengthy an F1 grand prix is, it is very important first be clear in regards to the weekend’s format and what comes earlier than the race.

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For a conventional weekend the collection begins with two, one-hour apply periods on a Friday. It provides groups likelihood to run completely different automotive set-ups, full testing programmes, check out upgrades and if it’s a new observe – like Las Vegas in 2023 – then Friday is a chance to be taught extra in regards to the circuit.

There’s then a 3rd and last apply session on Saturday and that is a chance for groups to start out testing their one-lap tempo forward of qualifying later within the day, which determines the grid for Sunday’s grand prix.

Nonetheless, 2021 noticed the introduction of a dash race. This occurs on choose weekends within the yr and over 2023 there have been six: Austin, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Brazil and Qatar. This was introduced in as an alternative choice to the standard weekend, as there may be racing on Saturday and Sunday.

So on a 2023 sprint weekend, a apply periods begins issues on Friday however that’s the solely apply session of the weekend. What follows on Friday is qualifying for Sunday’s grand prix, with dash qualifying after which the dash race on Saturday.

Picture by: Andy Hone / Motorsport Images

Charles Leclerc, Ferrari SF-23, Sergio Perez, Pink Bull Racing RB19, Carlos Sainz, Ferrari SF-23, Lewis Hamilton, Mercedes F1 W14, Oscar Piastri, McLaren MCL60, Max Verstappen, Pink Bull Racing RB19, the remainder of the sector in the beginning

What number of laps are there in an F1 race?

Each F1 race has a unique variety of laps as a result of the minimal size of a grand prix is 190 miles (305 kilometres) so they’re given the scheduled variety of excursions it takes to roughly attain that mark.

This implies grands prix on smaller tracks have extra laps than these on greater ones – for instance Zandvoort is simply 2.6 miles (4.259km) in size which is sort of half that of Spa-Francorchamps. Because of this, the Dutch Grand Prix is 72 laps whereas the Belgian GP is simply 44, but drivers full the identical race distance at each occasions.

Nonetheless, there may be an exception to this rule and that’s Monaco whose minimal race distance is 160 miles (257km). Whereas it’s the calendar’s smallest circuit at simply over two miles (3.337km), it’s also a gradual lap as Max Verstappen’s common pace when he received the 2021 race was 98mph in comparison with 179mph for his victory in Bahrain, which additionally had a security automotive and due to this fact impacted the general whole.

This meant a number of years in the past when F1 vehicles have been slower than they’re as we speak, it was robust to finish 190 miles round Monaco whereas working to the two-hour time restrict grands prix are given.

Monaco additionally has essentially the most variety of laps (78) of any circuit, but drivers are nonetheless solely finishing 160 miles which additional highlights why it must run to a decrease minimal distance.

Dash races are actually an element as properly. This can be a 62-mile (99.8km) sprint to the road which primarily makes it a shortened model of the Sunday race, with roughly a 3rd of the factors being awarded.

Identical to the grand prix, dash races can range within the variety of laps relying on the circuit. There have been simply 11 for the dash race at Spa in 2023, versus 24 laps on the Pink Bull Ring with Baku (17), Circuit of the Americas (19), Losail (19) and Interlagos (24) differing as properly.

Scheduled distance of each F1 grand prix in 2024

Spherical

Race

Circuit

Laps

Circuit size

Race distance

1

Bahrain GP

Bahrain Worldwide Circuit

57

3.363 miles

190.253 miles

2

Saudi Arabian GP

Jeddah Corniche Circuit

50

3.836 miles

191.662 miles

3

Australian GP

Albert Park Circuit

58

3.280 miles

190.217 miles

4

Japanese GP

Suzuka

53

3.608 miles

191.054 miles

5

Chinese language GP

Shanghai Worldwide Circuit

56

3.387 miles

189.7 miles

6

Miami GP

Miami Worldwide Autodrome

57

3.363 miles

191.584 miles

7

Emilia Romagna GP

Autodromo Enzo e Dino Ferrari

63

3.050 miles

192.034 miles

8

Monaco GP

Circuit de Monte Carlo

78

2.074 miles

161.772 miles

9

Canadian GP

Circuit Gilles Villeneuve

70

2.710 miles

189.686 miles

10

Spanish GP

Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunya

66

2.894 miles

190.908 miles

11

Austrian GP

Pink Bull Ring

71

2.683 miles

190.420 miles

12

British GP

Silverstone Circuit

52

3.660 miles

190.263 miles

13

Hungarian GP

Hungaroring

70

2.722 miles

190.531 miles

14

Belgian GP

Spa-Francorchamps

44

4.352 miles

191.415 miles

15

Dutch GP

Circuit Zandvoort

72

2.646 miles

190.504 miles

16

Italian GP

Monza Circuit

53

3.599 miles

190.586 miles

17

Azerbaijan GP

Baku Metropolis Circuit

51

3.730 miles

190.170 miles

18

Singapore GP

Marina Bay Road Circuit

62

3.070 miles

190.228 miles

19

United States GP

Circuit of the Americas

56

3.426 miles

191.634 miles

20

Mexico GP

Autodromo Hermanos Rodriguez

71

2.674 miles

189.738 miles

21

Brazilian GP

Interlagos

71

2.677 miles

190.064 miles

22

Las Vegas GP

Las Vegas Strip Circuit

50

3.853 miles

192.599 miles

23

Qatar GP

Losail Worldwide Circuit

57

3.367 miles

191.762 miles

24

Abu Dhabi GP

Yas Marina Circuit

58

3.281 miles

190.253 miles

How lengthy does an F1 race take?

Though every race has a scheduled variety of laps, it’s nonetheless in opposition to a clock to get the complete distance finished.

That’s as a result of F1 has two hours to finish the scheduled distance from lights out, however for differing components whether or not it’s a number of security vehicles, gradual laps and many others, generally it can’t be accomplished inside the time restrict. Subsequently, if a race hits two hours then the grand prix finishes on the finish of the following full lap no matter what number of excursions have been accomplished.

A marshal waves the red flag

Picture by: Patrick Vinet / Motorsport Images

A marshal waves the pink flag

As well as, that two hours is simply given for observe time but the race would possibly come to a halt due to a pink flag. Subsequently, in case of such F1 has a three-hour window to get two hours of observe time accomplished from the second the grand prix has formally begun.

However normally, races attain the scheduled distance with out coming near the time restrict. As seen beneath, the grands prix in 2023 have roughly taken 90 minutes for the race winner to take the chequered flag.

*Complete time consists of any stoppages

2023 grand prix

Time taken for race winner to cross the road

Bahrain GP

1h33m56.736s

Saudi Arabian GP

1h21m14.894s

Australian GP

2h32m38.371s

Azerbaijan GP

1h32m42.436s

Miami GP

1h27m38.241s

Monaco GP

1h48m51.980s

Spanish GP

1h27m57.940s

Canadian GP

1h33m58.348s

Austrian GP

1h25m33.607s

British GP

1h25m16.938s

Hungarian GP

1h38m08.634s

Belgian GP

1h22m30.450s

Dutch GP

2h24m04.411s

Italian GP

1h13m41.143s

Singapore GP

1h46m37.418s

Japanese GP

1h30m58.421s

Qatar GP

1h27m39.168s

United States GP

1h35m21.362s

Mexico GP

2h02m30.814s

Brazilian GP

1h56m48.894s

Las Vegas GP

1h29m08.289s

Abu Dhabi GP

1h27m02.624s

After all, dash races don’t take as lengthy to finish. On common, they’re round one hour shorter than the grand prix with Max Verstappen taking the Austrian dash race chequered flag in 30m26.730s.

Max Verstappen, Red Bull Racing RB19, 1st position, leads Sir Lewis Hamilton, Mercedes F1 W14, 2nd position, as the chequered flag is waved

Picture by: Jake Grant / Motorsport Images

Max Verstappen, Pink Bull Racing RB19, 1st place, leads Sir Lewis Hamilton, Mercedes F1 W14, 2nd place, because the chequered flag is waved

What occurs if an F1 race is unable to finish all of its scheduled laps?

 

Typically when the three-hour window involves an finish, the grand prix itself has accomplished only a few laps – normally due to a number of security automotive interventions or pink flags – and in {cases} like that, full factors will not be awarded.

 

As of 2022, factors can solely be given as soon as the chief has accomplished no less than two racing laps with out a security automotive or digital security automotive being deployed. So, let’s say the race chief has finished three laps uninterrupted however not more than 25% of the scheduled distance, then roughly one quarter of factors shall be awarded which regularly will increase as per the desk beneath.

Place

Two laps or fewer

As much as 25% race distance

26-50% race distance

51-75% race distance

Over 75% race distance

1

0 factors

6 factors

13 factors

19 factors

25 factors

2

0 factors

4 factors

10 factors

14 factors

18 factors

3

0 factors

3 factors

8 factors

12 factors

15 factors

4

0 factors

2 factors

6 factors

9 factors

12 factors

5

0 factors

1 level

5 factors

8 factors

10 factors

6

0 factors

0 factors

4 factors

6 factors

8 factors

7

0 factors

0 factors

3 factors

5 factors

6 factors

8

0 factors

0 factors

2 factors

3 factors

4 factors

9

0 factors

0 factors

1 level

2 factors 

2 factors

10

0 factors

0 factors

0 factors

1 level

1 level

This rule was carried out after the controversial, rain-hit 2021 Belgian GP which was merely a two-lap procession behind the protection automotive as situations have been deemed unsafe to race in. Regardless of no precise racing laps being accomplished below inexperienced flag situations, all F1 wanted on the time was no less than two excursions behind a security automotive for half factors to be awarded.

It put the collection below the cosh as a result of some accused F1 of simply attempting to get to that two-lap minimal earlier than awarding factors, as a substitute of discovering different alternate options in order that followers may really watch some racing. It was due to this fact arduous for some to name it a ‘race’, regardless of a big chunk of factors being awarded.

The cars underneath marquees during the red flag period

Picture by: Rainer W. Schlegelmilch / Motorsport Images

The vehicles beneath marquees through the pink flag interval

What’s the longest race in F1 historical past?

The well-known 2011 Canadian GP holds the file for being the longest F1 race in historical past at 4h04m39.537s. That day Montreal was hit by heavy rainfall and it was that dangerous the race needed to begin below a security automotive.

Inexperienced flag situations didn’t arrive till 5 laps in the place Sebastian Vettel led the grand prix however Lewis Hamilton and Mark Webber collided at Flip 1 of their battle for fourth. It price each drivers a number of positions and on lap seven when making an attempt to climb again up the order, Hamilton was put into the pitwall by then McLaren team-mate Jenson Button as visibility proved robust, and the 2009 world champion couldn’t see him coming by way of.

This brought on one other security automotive interval and Button used it as a chance to modify to intermediate tyres with situations enhancing. However it was not so easy for the McLaren driver as he was first given a drive-through penalty for rushing behind the protection automotive, earlier than heavier rain quickly fell which means he needed to swap again to full wets.

The rain turned tougher and by lap 19 one other security automotive interval was known as, earlier than the grand prix acquired red-flagged six excursions later due to the situations. It was then suspended for simply over two hours till the climate started to enhance once more.

One other security automotive interval led the primary eight laps after the restart, however inexperienced flag situations solely lasted one tour. It is because the protection automotive was as soon as once more required as Fernando Alonso collided with Button at Flip 3 which left a puncture on the McLaren however the Ferrari automotive within the wall.

Button due to this fact pitted and was down in twenty first when the race restarted three excursions afterward lap 40. However upon the restart, Button along with his more energizing tyres coped with the situations significantly better than others as he quickly progressed by way of the order and was 14th by lap 44.

From this level on the race was uninterrupted and Button in the end claimed essentially the most unlikely of victories, after Vettel ran huge at Flip 6 on the ultimate lap to offer the McLaren driver the race lead. Button subsequently took the chequered flag after a file six security automotive durations and a pink flag interval.

The 2011 Canadian GP additionally belongs to the listing of F1 data that can by no means be damaged. Within the aftermath, F1 launched a four-hour time restrict for grands prix to be accomplished – later lowered to a few for 2021 – which means no race can exceed that of Montreal in 2011.

The 2021 Belgian GP is F1's shortest ever race

Picture by: Erik Junius

The 2021 Belgian GP is F1’s shortest ever race

What’s the shortest race in F1 historical past?

The 2021 Belgian GP holds the file for the shortest F1 race in historical past at 3m27.071s, which brought on Hamilton to say followers have been “robbed” of a grand prix.

After over three hours of delays and suspended begins, the protection automotive lastly led drivers out of the pitlane which formally commenced the race. Two laps have been accomplished behind the protection automotive earlier than the race acquired suspended throughout a 3rd lap and to not be resumed, which handed victory to Verstappen.



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