21.8 C
Saturday, June 22, 2024

Iceland volcano: As Reykjanes peninsula erupts after weeks of exercise, what is occurring beneath the floor? | World Information

Must read

- Advertisement -

Iceland has been solid by the warmth of the Earth’s core.

The molten rock that sat 800 metres beneath the fishing village of Grindavik has lastly spewed out of fissures in the ground, after practically two months of exercise.

The Icelandic Met Workplace mentioned within the early hours of Tuesday that the eruptive fissure is about 4km (2.48 miles) lengthy, with the northern finish simply east of Stora-Skogfell and the southern finish simply east of Sundhnuk.

The gap from the southern finish to the sting of Grindavik is shorter, at simply shy of 3km (1.8 miles).

Round 4,000 inhabitants have been evacuated within the early hours of Saturday in anticipation of the eruption.

- Advertisement -

Motion beneath the floor began in October, the place there had been more than 1,000 tremors in just some hours attributable to the magma forcing its approach upwards.

Iceland had declared a state of emergency over the exercise.

The Reykjanes volcanic system is barely 35 miles from the capital, Reykjavik. It had been dormant for 800 years till it erupted from a fissure in March 2021.

The lava fountain turned a vacationer attraction over a six-month interval.

There have been two extra eruptions in the identical space since then. However the quantity of molten rock slightly below the floor this time was substantial sufficient to trigger an overflow of magma.

In keeping with RUS.is, at round 2.45am on Tuesday, geophysicist Bjorn Oddson mentioned a group in a helicopter noticed “a four-kilometre-long fissure that strains up within the {old} crater sequence”.

“It is in the very best place if there was to be an eruption there,” he mentioned after a standing assembly of the Civil Defence in Skogarhlid, Reykjav√≠k.

“The eruption is happening north of the watershed (during which lava clearly flows come what may), so lava doesn’t move in direction of Grindavik.”

Iceland is among the most volcanic areas on the planet, sitting on the mid-Atlantic ridge, the place the tectonic plates of North America and Eurasia are pulling aside by 2cm a 12 months.

Learn extra on Sky Information:
Icelandic volcano erupts near capital’s airport in 2022

Volcano near Iceland’s capital erupts in July
At least 118 dead in China earthquake

Over hundreds of thousands of years, a plume of molten rock poured from the rift, ultimately breaching the ocean floor to kind an island.

On common there may be an eruption from one among Iceland’s 32 lively volcanoes each 4 or 5 years, with rivers of lava shaping the stark panorama.

Among the eruptions have been catastrophic.

In 1783, round 1 / 4 of the inhabitants was killed following an eruption of the Laki/Skaftareldar volcano.

The most important present concern is over Katla, which final erupted in 1918. It lies beneath a whole lot of metres of ice and any eruption is more likely to trigger widespread flooding.

Source link

More articles

- Advertisement -

Latest article