DUBAI, United Arab Emirates — Iran’s overseas minister traveled to Saudi Arabia on Thursday, marking the primary journey to the dominion by Tehran’s prime diplomat in years after the 2 nations reached a détente with Chinese language mediation.
The go to by Hossein Amirabdollahian comes as each Saudi Arabia and Iran attempt to ease tensions between their nations, which lengthy have considered one another as archrivals for affect throughout the broader Center East. Challenges stay, nevertheless, notably over Iran’s advancing nuclear program, the Saudi-led struggle in Yemen and safety throughout area’s waterways.
Amirabdollahian’s journey to Riyadh comes as the 2 nations are reopening diplomatic missions in every others’ nations. He was accompanied by Alireza Enayati, Iran’s new ambassador to the dominion.
The final Iranian overseas minister to go to Saudi Arabia on a public journey was Mohammad Javad Zarif, who traveled to the dominion in 2015 to supply condolences for the demise of King Abdullah.
The dominion broke ties with Iran in 2016 after protesters invaded Saudi diplomatic posts there. Saudi Arabia had executed a distinguished Shiite cleric with 46 others days earlier, triggering the demonstrations.
That got here as Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, then a deputy, started his rise to energy. The son of King Salman, Prince Mohammed beforehand in contrast Iran’s Supreme Chief Ayatollah Ali Khamenei to Nazi Germany’s Adolf Hitler, and threatened to strike Iran.
Since then, the U.S. unilaterally withdrew from Iran’s nuclear cope with world powers in 2018. Iran has been blamed for a sequence of assaults after that, together with one concentrating on the center of Saudi Arabia’s oil business in 2019, briefly halving the dominion’s crude manufacturing.
Faith additionally performs a key position in tensions as nicely. Saudi Arabia, dwelling to the cube-shaped Kaaba that Muslims pray towards 5 instances a day, has portrayed itself because the world’s main Sunni nation. Iran’s theocracy, in the meantime, views itself because the protector of Islam’s Shiite minority.
However after the coronavirus pandemic and the U.S.’ chaotic withdrawal from Afghanistan, Gulf Arab nations together with Saudi Arabia have begun reassessing the best way to handle relations with Iran. In March, the dominion and Iran reached an settlement with Chinese language mediation to reopen embassies.
The struggle in Yemen continues, although Saudi-led strikes have dropped dramatically amid its efforts to withdraw from the battle, which has seen the Iranian-backed Houthi rebels keep their yearslong maintain on the capital, Sanaa.
Related Press author Amir Vahdat in Tehran, Iran, contributed to this report.