Jossi Cohen, a former Mossad chief and former adviser to Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, has called for an end to the controversial judicial reform. He warned that pushing through the law poses a direct threat to state security. On Saturday evening, half a million protesters took to the streets across the country.
Even if the reform of the judiciary is “just and justified”, it is carried out in a way that “endangers the national security of the state” Israel in the immediate term,” wrote Cohen, a former adviser to the prime minister Benjamin Netanyahuin an article published Sunday in the daily Jedi’ot Acharonot.
Recently, many high-ranking representatives of the Israeli secret services have called for a halt to work on the reform, which has been polarizing society for six months. However, Israeli media emphasize that the statement by Cohen, who ended his term as head of Mossad in 2021, is particularly noteworthy because he is considered a person close to Netanyahu. There has been speculation in the past that the prime minister sees him as a potential successor.
Judicial reform debate. Final debate in parliament
The dispute that has been shaking Israel for six months has entered a crucial phase. On Sunday, the final debate began on a bill limiting the Supreme Court’s right to overrule government decisions judges deem “irrational”, i.e. disproportionately focused on the political interest without sufficient consideration of the public interest. Final votes are expected on Monday.
The opposition sees the changes pushed by the government as a threat to democracy. Netanyahu and his allies argue that the new law will restore the balance between the authorities, because, they argue, the judiciary has too much power.
Mass protests across the country
On Saturday evening, half a million Israelis took to the streets across the country to protest against a controversial judicial reform in anticipation of a decisive vote in parliament. Saturday’s protests culminated in the arrival in Jerusalem of tens of thousands of demonstrators who gathered near the Knesset.
The group, which at the beginning of the march consisted of several hundred people, after reaching Jerusalem, according to police estimates, numbered 40,000, while the organizers maintain that there were 90,000 of them. Some of them pitched tents near the Knesset and announced that they would call the camp the Fortress of Democracy and that they planned to stay there until further notice.
Mass demonstrations also took place in 150 places across the country, with traditionally the highest number of people – 170,000 – gathered in Tel Aviv.
What the participants of the protests in Israel say
In front of the Knesset, one of the demonstrators, a teacher who joined the march a few kilometers from Jerusalem, said that the demonstrations were important, but that the army would ultimately decide the outcome of the dispute. He expressed confidence that it is likely that the coalition will be able to push through some of the reforms in the coming days, but, as he put it, “it will be the beginning of the end for Netanyahu.”
Another participant in the rally in front of the parliament, a student from Tel Aviv who, despite the persistent heat, covered the 70-kilometer distance between the two cities with a group of friends from the university, said that “today, the future of Israel is at stake and whether our country will continue to be democratic, we are here to protest against the reform that will change the system of our country.”
In front of the seat of the Knesset, you could also meet supporters of the changes. One said that prior to last year’s parliamentary elections in Israel, there was a consensus that the judiciary system needed reform, and that the defeat of the opposition had made the topic politicized. When asked why so many reservists oppose the changes and refuse to volunteer in the army, which, according to experts, poses a threat to the country’s defense, he replied that ultimately, no matter what decision is made in the coming days, all soldiers are patriots who love Israel, and the dispute over the reform will not affect the security of the country.
Main photo source: PAP/EPA/ABIR SULTAN