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January Uprising, 159th anniversary. The coat of arms of the insurgents on the facade of the Presidential Palace

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On Saturday, the coat of arms of the January insurgents was displayed on the facade of the Presidential Palace. It’s on the 159th anniversary of this uprising.

“Three symbols on the facade of the Presidential Palace. Eagle, Pogoń and Archangel Michael. Today is the anniversary of the January Uprising. For Your Freedom and Ours!” – President Andrzej Duda wrote on Twitter. He added a photo showing the illumination to the post.

January Uprising

The January Uprising, the greatest independence uprising in the 19th century, began on January 22, 1863 with the Manifesto of the Provisional National Government. It took over the territory of the Russian partition and was a partisan war. According to historians, over a thousand clashes took place during the uprising, and a total of about 200,000 people participated in the Polish forces.

Its first leader was Ludwik Mierosławski, who, however, lost this function after a month. Later, the dictators of the uprising were Marian Langiewicz and Romuald Traugutt, who became a tragic symbol of the uprising. Arrested as a result of denunciation and imprisoned in Pawiak, he was sentenced to death by hanging by a Russian military court. The sentence was carried out on the slopes of the Warsaw Citadel on August 5, 1864.

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After the end of the uprising, Poles suffered numerous repressions, including confiscation of noble estates, liquidation of monasteries in the territory of the Kingdom of Poland, high contributions and active Russification. The tsarist authorities sentenced to death at least 669 people for participating in the uprising. At least 38,000 people were sentenced to exile.

Main photo source: Grzegorz Jakubowski / KPRP

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