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Jastrzebie Zdroj. 43rd anniversary of the signing of the Jastrzębie Agreement. Celebrations with the participation of the Prime Minister

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At the “Porozumienie Jastrzębskiego” roundabout in Jastrzębie-Zdrój (Silesian Voivodeship), plaques with the original content of demands that influenced the future of Poland were unveiled. The ceremony was attended by, among others, Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki. This is the third social agreement signed in the summer of 1980 between the authorities of the Polish People’s Republic and striking workers.

In the center of Jastrzębie-Zdrój – according to the official website of the city hall – two squares will be built as a tribute to the August events of the 1980s and the Jastrzębie Agreement. On Sunday, at the Porozumienie Jastrzębski roundabout, near the mast with the Polish flag, four boards with the content of the agreements were unveiled. In this way, the city honored the collective heroism of the participants of those events. Earlier, a morning mass was held in the Jastrzębie church. The Blessed Virgin Mary, Mother of the Church, in the presence of the peregrinating image of Our Lady, Patroness of Workers and Solidarity. Wreaths and bouquets of flowers were placed in front of the monument standing in the square in front of Zofiówka.

43rd anniversary of the signing of the Jastrzębie AgreementPAP

43rd anniversary of the Jastrzębie Agreement. Prime Minister at the ceremony

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The Prime Minister appeared at the celebration of the 43rd anniversary of the signing of the Jastrzębie Agreement and the 35th anniversary of the miners’ strikes in 1988. Mateusz Morawiecki. – Solidarity, this word means something more, it means national awakening, it means a very deep overcoming of fear and a path towards freedom, which began then and less than a decade later ended with Poland and this part of Europe regaining independence and sovereignty – he said to those gathered at the ceremony. Prime Minister.

43rd anniversary of the signing of the Jastrzębie AgreementPAP

President’s letter

Letter from the President of the Republic of Poland Andrzej Duda read by the president’s adviser Agnieszka Lenartowicz-Łysik, who, among others, she recalled that this year the president participated in the celebration of the signing of the Szczecin Agreement and the Gdańsk Agreement.

In the letter, the president wrote that the August Agreements and the consent obtained therein to register an independent, self-governing trade union Solidarity were a breakthrough on the path from the communist PRL to a free Poland.

“The regime’s concessions negotiated by the strikers ultimately led to the fall of the communist government. Thanks to this, the social reality we know today emerged. Until August 31, 1980, the desired new reality was described in the form of strike demands. After the August victory, these demands – with the signatures of representatives government commission – became the beginning of civil liberties, the beginning of the sovereign Republic of Poland,” Andrzej Duda pointed out.

As he emphasized, the miners from Jastrzębie-Zdrój, in solidarity with the shipyard workers of Gdańsk, Szczecin and the steel workers of Dąbrowa Górnicza, have paved the way to freedom which Poland has been following for 43 years.

“The new, modern free Poland emerged from the teachings of St. John Paul II and the demands of August 1980. The spiritual revival and hopes associated with the pontificate of the Polish Pope went hand in hand with the political revival expressed in the Solidarity movement. Our great compatriot and the working people who listened to his words established signposts that guided us through the events of the following years, the president noted.

He recalled that in 1980, no one knew how long this road would be and what sacrifices it would require, yet millions of Poles set out to repair public life in the spirit of freedom of speech and conscience, freedom of association, media pluralism, freedom of religion, respect for dignity of every human being and the effort of human work.

“Thanks to the uncompromising attitude of the strike leaders, this movement, after accepting the demands by government representatives, took the form of a legally operating, independent, self-governing trade union, Solidarity,” he added.

“August 1980 was the most important of the post-war Polish months: it collected the experiences of June 1956 in Poznań, March 1968, December 1970 and June 1976; at the same time it transcended them, which is why it gave rise to the breakthrough of 1989.” – said Andrzej Duda.

“At each of these historic stops on the Polish road to freedom, there were working people who, with their faith and deed, broke the wall separating us from the free world. 43 years ago, united with the intelligentsia, students and farmers, they stood together and won. Our today’s sovereign and democratic The Republic of Poland grows out of the legacy of that unity and Solidarity – a movement inspired by the Pope’s message of freedom and peace,” he said.

“Thank you to everyone who fulfills this message by building a free and safe Republic of Poland. Thank you to those who nurture and protect the legacy of the first Solidarity. Thank you to the heroes of the Jastrzębie strikes for their courage and for the fulfilled hopes of Poles. Long live Free Poland! Honor and glory to the heroes of Solidarity,” he concluded. President.

Agreement between the authorities of the Polish People’s Republic and the strikers

The first, quickly extinguished strikes in Silesia broke out at the beginning of August 1980, among others at the Erg Plastics Plant in Bieruń and Fazos in Tarnowskie Góry. On the night of August 27-28, a strike began in Jastrzębie – in the Manifest Lipcowy mine (later the plant was called Zofiówka, today it operates as part of the Borynia-Zofiówka-Jastrzębie mine) about a thousand miners did not join the night shift. After unsuccessful talks with the management, the Company Strike Committee (ZKS) was established. From the beginning, the strike in the July Manifesto was primarily of a solidarity nature with the protesting crews from Gdańsk and Szczecin. The miners added their own demands to the 21 demands from Gdańsk. On August 29, a government delegation came to the mine and the miners presented their demands. On the same day, another seven mines went on strike. The first Inter-Enterprise Strike Committee (MKS) in Silesia was established. After starting talks with MKS, the communist authorities simultaneously tried to tear away the strike committees from individual mines. The plants and the city were bombarded with leaflets intended to psychologically depress not only the miners, but also their families. However, this had the opposite effect – soon 28 mines and 28 other plants went on strike in the region. The next round of negotiations began on September 2. The government side was represented by Deputy Prime Minister Aleksander Kopeć, the workers – MKS headed by Jarosław Sienkiewicz. On the morning of September 3, after several hours of negotiations, an agreement containing 29 points was signed, since then known as the Jastrzębie agreement.

Main photo source: PAP



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