On Friday, a funeral service for Professor Julian Eugeniusz Kulski, a veteran of the Warsaw Uprising and founder of the Kulski Foundation promoting Polish-American relations, was held in the Washington Cathedral. According to the will of the deceased, mourning ceremonies will also be held in Poland, the foundation said.
Prof. Kulski died on August 12 at the age of 92. The funeral service was held on Friday at 4:30 p.m. Polish time at the Cathedral of St. Matthew the Apostle in Washington.
The Kulski Foundation announces that the funeral ceremonies in Poland will be official and scheduled for the beginning of October. Ashes of prof. Kulski with the participation of the military honorary assistance will be buried in the Kulski family tomb at the Powązki Cemetery.
Prof. Julian Eugeniusz Kulski, ps. Goliath, was a hero of the Warsaw Uprising, an architect of the World Bank, an academic lecturer and the unquestioned authority of several generations of Poles. In August 2020, he told the Polish Press Agency that the Warsaw Uprising was the most important part of his life, and his participation in the resistance movement resulted from the knowledge he drew from history and patriotic upbringing.
He only avoided Auschwitz because of his young age and father’s position
Brought up in the cult of Polish independence uprisings, the son of Julian Spitosław Kulski, the vice-president of Warsaw, quickly got involved in the fight against the German occupier, first through minor sabotage actions, and in 1941 he took the soldier’s oath and joined the Union of Armed Struggle.
Together with Ludwik Berger, his guardian and commander, Kulski managed to enter the ghetto several times to talk to members of the Jewish underground. Arrested by the Gestapo in 1942, imprisoned and beaten in Pawiak, Kulski avoided Auschwitz only because of his young age and his father’s position. This experience additionally increased his will to fight. He fought in the Warsaw Uprising from the moment it broke out, in the “Żywiciel” group. In an interview with PAP in April 2015, he assured that he had no reduced fare due to age. – I was tall and said that I am 2-3 years older. But I did everything the others did. After what I had experienced in Pawiak, I was a full soldier – he said. He was wounded in the Uprising and was awarded the Cross of Valor for his courage in battle.
The youngest prisoner of war
Kulski assumed that he was the youngest prisoner of war when, after the fall of the Uprising, as a 15-year-old he was sent to a prisoner-of-war camp in Altengrabow in Saxony. Five days before the liberation of the camp by the Red Army, he escaped by jumping on a truck from the American Red Cross. The English smuggled him into England as a returning English prisoner of war.
There, he was taken care of by the very wealthy Lady Ida Copeland, who had met Kulski’s father before the war. It was at her estate in Cornwall that he regained his strength by occupying a room in which Ignacy Paderewski, a family friend, Kulski, who had suffered from tuberculosis and exhausted by his stay in a German labor camp, previously lived.
In 1949 he went to the United States, where he graduated in architecture from Yale University. He became a valued architect. His projects, including for the World Bank, were carried out in 30 countries. He believed that he owed these successes to the hard training he had undergone during the war.
Kulski died on the day when the Kulski Foundation announced that it had obtained a building permit for the Monument to the Presidents of Greater Warsaw – Stefan Starzyński and his deputy Julian Kulski. It was he who initiated the monument project.
Main photo source: Facebook / Kulski Foundation