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KPO for Poland. Most planned investments are at risk. Comments: Łukasz Kościjańczuk

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Of the fifty-six investments included in the National Reconstruction Plan, approximately forty are at risk of either not being implemented in full or being deleted from the plan – calculated Łukasz Kościjańczuk from the CRIDO consulting company. He added that in such a situation, Poland will not receive refinancing from the European Union, because the condition for the payment of funds is the completion and closing of the investment on time. – We lost two years – he said.

The analysis conducted by CRIDO shows that many projects included in the KPO have not been started at all, which means that there is no chance of their completion by August 31, 2026. – In such a situation, Poland will not receive refinancing from the European Union, because the condition for disbursement of funds is the completion and closure of the investment – he said.

He added that according to the data CRIDO obtained from the ministries responsible for individual programs and projects, out of 56 investments included in the KPO, 43 are at risk of either not being implemented in full or being deleted from the plan. – We lost two years – he summed up.

KPO projects at risk

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He recalled that the KPO for Poland provides for 56 investments and 55 reforms aimed at strengthening the Polish economy after the COVID-19 pandemic. Within this pool, Poland is to receive EUR 59.8 billion (PLN 268 billion), including EUR 25.27 billion (PLN 113.28 billion) in the form of subsidies and EUR 34.54 billion (PLN 154.81 billion) in the form of preferential loans. According to Kościjańczuk, projects from the subsidy part are better implemented, some of which are pre-financed by the Polish Development Fund. – The so-called Component A (responsibility and competitiveness of the economy), which includes, among others, spatial development reform and investments aimed at shortening the food supply chain and developing food processing, is at the best stage of advancement – he pointed out.

He added that projects related to the robotization of enterprises and closed circulation are also well advanced. Moreover, programs such as “Maluch Plus” and “Clean Air” are almost ready for settlement. The latter, as he noted, are programs implementing government policy that have been included in the KPO. According to the expert, the worst situation is with investments in Component D (Health), where 98 percent of planned projects are at risk. – Their total value is PLN 19.3 billion, of which projects worth less than PLN 300 million were launched – he said. Those that have not started include: construction and modernization of specialized medical care centers (planned for PLN 9.5 billion), digital transformation of the health service (PLN 4.5 billion), development of district hospitals (PLN 700 million) and development of the medicines and medical products sector (PLN 600 million).

Necessary revision of the KPO

According to Kościjańczuk, a revision of the KPO is necessary, which – as he estimated – may cover up to half of the projects. He added that the process of preparing and accepting the revision by Brussels may take up to several months. Currently, the Ministry of Funds and Regional Policies is auditing programs under the KPO and preparing its renegotiation. As announced by the head of the ministry, Katarzyna Pełczyńska-Nałęcz, it is to be presented to the Prime Minister at the end of February Donald Tusk, and after its acceptance, the EC. – It will be a package in which it will be clearly defined what package we are entering with, what we are modifying, what investments should be slightly changed to make them more sensible (…), to fit in by 2026, and which ones do not make sense – explained Katarzyna Pełczyńska-Nałęcz.

Read also: Izera, laptops and dismissed boards. Minister: The mess was huge

Unlocked funds for Poland

On Friday, February 23 this year. The head of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen, announced at a joint conference with Prime Minister Donald Tusk in Warsaw that two decisions regarding European funds for Poland will be made next week. They will release funds for Poland from the National Reconstruction Plan and for the implementation of cohesion policy.

Under cohesion policy for 2021-2027, Poland will receive over PLN 340 billion (EUR 76 billion). In mid-January this year. Poland sent an application to the EC regarding the fulfillment of the condition regarding the application of the Charter of Fundamental Rights, the fulfillment of which enables reimbursement of expenses under all objectives and programs covered by the Partnership Agreement.

Main photo source: PAP/Leszek Szymański

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