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Wednesday, December 1, 2021

Lupine. The anti-aircraft rift is to be entered in the register of monuments. It could have been built in 1942-44 or during the “Cold War”

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Workers working on the construction of the Integrated Metropolitan Station in Lublin discovered an anti-aircraft rift in spring. Now it is to go to the municipal register of monuments. According to one of the hypotheses, it was created during the German occupation, according to the other – it comes from the “Cold War” and was intended to provide shelter from the effects of, inter alia, the dropping of an atomic bomb. There is an idea to use it as a tourist attraction.

– It’s hard to say how many people could fit in it. I think up to a maximum of 50. The concrete corridor is about 100 centimeters wide and 220 centimeters high. Its shape resembles an elongated lightning sign, at both ends of which there is a door made of thick sheet metal – says Michał Trzewik from the office of the Municipal Conservator of Monuments in Lublin.

It is about an anti-aircraft rift discovered this year on the occasion of the municipal investment (construction of the Integrated Metropolitan Railway Station), located on the railway area between Krochmalna Street and the PKP railway track.

Shockwave and radiation protection

The building is in good conditionKatarzyna Czerlunczakiewicz / Office of the Municipal Conservator of Monuments in Lublin

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According to one of the hypotheses, the Lublin bunker was built in 1942-44, that is, at a time when the local railway junction was occupied by German troops. Another hypothesis is that the fissure – although it was built according to a typical German design and technology – was built after the end of World War II. More specifically in the years 1951-55, as part of the field air defense organized in Poland.

– The bunker would protect civilians from the effects of an air attack, i.e. from bomb fragments and missiles, as well as the effects of dropping an atomic bomb – shock wave and radiation – explains our interlocutor.

Airtight toilet and air intake

Although no one has entered the bunker yet, because the entrances are buried or rubble, it is known that the building is in good condition.

The entrances are buried or covered with rubbleMichał Trzewik / Office of the Municipal Monument Conservator in Lublin

– In the central point – at the bends of the corridor – there are probably two ventilation shafts. One is intended for a sealed toilet, and the other for an air intake – says Michał Trzewik.

The shelter will enrich the “Paramilitary Trail of Lublin Bunkers”

The provincial conservation services have already agreed to enter the building into the municipal register of monuments. As a result, the owner of the area (i.e. PKP SA) will not be able to dismantle the bunker, for example.


– As it is the only such facility in Lublin, I think it will be a significant tourist attraction. The more that it is located next to the parking lot for buses that will use the Metropolitan Station. The bunker could also be adapted to a commercial and service function. For now, it is also to be included in the recently created “Paramilitary Trail of Lublin Bunkers” – emphasizes our interlocutor.

The shelter is located on the railway siteAlan Przekaza / Office of the Municipal Monument Conservator in Lublin

The bunker is located in Lublin near Krochmalna Street

Main photo source: Katarzyna Czerlunczakiewicz / Office of the Municipal Conservator of Monuments in Lublin

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