Malaria. New malaria vaccine approved by WHO


The World Health Organization has approved a new, second vaccine against malaria, said WHO Director General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus. – As a malaria researcher, I dreamed of the day when we would have an effective and safe vaccine, and now we have two, Ghebreyesus said during Monday’s briefing. According to the AP agency, the vaccine can be used in children.

Malaria, a disease transmitted by certain species of mosquitoes, affects nearly a quarter of a billion people annually and causes over 600,000 deaths, mainly in Africa. According to UNICEF, 77 percent of the fatalities were children under 5 years of age.

The first malaria vaccine, Mosquirix (also called RTS,S), was launched two years ago. Now WHO recommended the use of the second one, called R21/Matrix-M.

Another malaria vaccine will soon be available on the market

As announced by the organization’s director general at the conference on Monday Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, the preparation was developed by Oxford scientists and will be available on the market before mid-2024. ABOUT choice specific product will be decided by the governments of malaria-affected countries. The price of one dose of the new vaccine will be between $2 and $4.

“As a malaria researcher, I dreamed of the day when we would have an effective and safe vaccine, and now we have two,” he said.

He said that “WHO is currently assessing the vaccine for pre-qualification, which is a mark of approval by WHO and will enable GAVI (Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization) and UNICEF to purchase the vaccine from manufacturers.”

The vaccine, according to the AP agency citing Oxford scientists, has an effectiveness of up to 75 percent, but requires as many as three doses and does not provide lifelong immunity. According to the agency, children will be able to receive the injection.

The most important information about malariaPAP

A new tool in the fight against malaria, but other measures are also needed

Experts note, however, that although R21/Matrix-M will be a useful tool in combating the disease, it will not eliminate malaria. – It will not replace mosquito nets or mosquito repellents – Dr. John Johnson, working within the non-governmental organization Doctors Without Borders, told the AP agency.

Malaria currently occurs mainly in poor countries with tropical or subtropical climates. However, previously it was also a European disease. According to the National Institute of Public Health on its website, the highest number of cases was recorded in 1921 – over 52,000 people died of malaria in Poland. people.

The last malaria epidemic in the country occurred in the late 1940s. About 10,000 people got sick then. people. Officially, in 1967, Poland was certified by the WHO as a malaria-free country and only cases of so-called malaria were recorded. imported – in people who came from malaria-infested tropical regions.

Malaria in the worldPAP

Main photo source: Shutterstock

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