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Marburg virus in Equatorial Guinea. The death toll is increasing

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The death toll from haemorrhagic fever caused by the Marburg virus in Equatorial Guinea has risen to 11, the Guinean health ministry said. The World Health Organization has urged the country to report all cases of infection due to the risk of a “large scale epidemic”.

The health ministry of Equatorial Guinea announced another death on April 12. In total, 11 infected people have died in the country since January, with 15 recorded cases of infection. Only three people have been cured, the condition of one infected is “unknown”. 385 people who had contact with the sick remain under observation, the ministry added.

Marburg virus outbreak

The first deaths linked to the spread of the deadly Marburg virus were recorded in Equatorial Guinea in early January, followed by an epidemic in the country in February. The hemorrhagic fever virus made its way in the following weeks from eastern Kie-Ntem province to Bata, the country’s economic capital, where a total of nine deaths have been confirmed, according to authorities.

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At the end of March World Health ORganisation (WHO) has urged Equatorial Guinea to report all cases of the Marburg virus due to the risk of a “large-scale outbreak” that could spread to neighboring countries Gabon and Cameroon. Also Tanzaniawhich has already recorded five deaths from the virus, announced the beginning of the epidemic on March 21.

SEE ALSO: The flu killed a 22-year-old, doctors are sounding the alarm. “The rule is simple: ignore it, you can die”

Marburg virus – what is it?

The Marburg virus, which, like Ebola, belongs to the filovirus family, is on the WHO list of the most dangerous pathogens for humans. It owes its name to the place where it was discovered. In 1967, in Marburg, West Germany, patients with characteristic symptoms began to come to the hospital: high fever, muscle and headaches, sometimes diarrhea or rash, which were joined by severe hemorrhagic symptoms after a few days.

The virus is transmitted to humans by fruit bats, and can also be transmitted through contact with the body fluids of infected people. There is no vaccine to protect against the virus or a cure for Marburg disease. Survival is improved by supportive care, such as oral or intravenous rehydration.

In previous outbreaks caused by the Marburg virus, the death rate was as high as 88%. sick. Most cases of infection were recorded in 1998-2000 in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, when 154 people fell ill, of whom 128 died, according to WHO data, and in Angolawhere in 2005 329 of the 374 infected people died.

SEE ALSO: The “ghost-like” sick. What do we know about the Marburg virus and its outbreaks?

Twitter – @GuineaSalud, PAP, tvn24.pl

Main photo source: Reuters Archive



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