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Masovia. Cinderella in a bagel, list of communes

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Over 41.5 thousand smoked cigarettes are still smoking in an obwarzanek near Warsaw – informs the Polish Smog Alert. Activists’ calculations show that at the current rate of boiler replacement in some communes, the problem will last for another half a century.

The Polish Smog Alert has prepared data collected by communes in the Warsaw agglomeration regarding the number of non-class boilers located in their area. From January 1, 2023, the use of stoves commonly known as “stoves” is prohibited. Meanwhile, according to the PAS report, 41,518 coal and wood boilers are still smoking in the communes surrounding the capital.

In 2023, 2,636 boilers were replaced

The inglorious ranking begins with the Karczew commune, where 3,537 Cinderellas remain to be replaced. The second place in the ranking is taken by neighboring Otwock with 3,362 boilers, and the third by Wołomin – 2,743. More than two thousand boilers are still smoking in the following communes: Jaktorów (2,423), Nieporęt (2,404) and Lesznowola (2,156).

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The number of smokestacks in communes near WarsawPolish Smog Alert

The report of the Polish Smog Alert shows that throughout last year, 505 boilers were replaced in Warsaw, while in the vicinity of the capital – 2,636, with the most – 169 in Otwock. Then the list included Halinów – 131; Wiązowna – 122; Jabłonna – 106.

In turn, in Podkowa Leśna only three cichlids were eliminated (but the problem there is minimal), nine in Ząbki and 14 in Zielonka.

Number of boilers replacedPolish Smog Alert

In some communes, even half a century for replacement

The Polish Smog Alert turned the data showing the rate of smoke pollution replacement into a forecast of how long it would take individual municipalities to completely eliminate them. The most optimistic in this ranking are: Pruszków, where out-of-class boilers could disappear in about a year and a half, and Piaseczno and Warsaw in about four years.

At the end of the classification were: Karczew, where at the current rate the last smokestack will disappear from the commune in 47 years. In Ząbki it will take another 52 years, and in Lesznowola almost 57 years.

How many years will it take for municipalities to replace all the smokestacks?Polish Smog Alert

There is also a problem within the capital city limits. – There are 2,650 boilers smoking in Warsaw, and by the end of this year this number will decrease by about a thousand. Soon, the suburbs will be the only source of winter air pollution in Warsaw. Therefore, some form of cooperation between the municipalities of the agglomeration and the capital is necessary. I hope that Warsaw will help municipalities deal with this problem – otherwise we will struggle with smog in the agglomeration for decades, says Piotr Siergiej from the Polish Smog Alert.

Low fines, little control

From January 2023, the so-called Cinderella boilers, i.e. classless boilers (boiler below class 3 or without a rating plate or information in the boiler documentation). However, from October 1, there is a ban on burning coal at home in Warsaw. The penalty for using smoke cigarettes is a fine of PLN 500 or a fine of up to PLN 5,000. For burning coal, the city guard may issue a fine of up to PLN 500.

The Polish Smog Alert indicated that the slow rate of replacement of smoke cigarettes may be due to, among others, due to an insufficient number of inspections and fines that are disproportionate to the level of harmfulness of the act. A report published in October last year shows that in communes without municipal guards, there are almost three times fewer people authorized to perform inspections – a total of 104 people. In communes with a fire brigade, it is 276 people. There, there are 433 houses per person authorized to inspect hearths, and in communes without municipal guards, as many as 1,336 houses.

Main photo source: Polish Smog Alert

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