Will Matura 2023 be easier or more difficult than before? We know the results of the diagnosis. Surprise
Photo: Lech Muszyński/PAP
The new formula kept many awake at night. Not only students, but even their teachers cried over informants to her. And yet, the diagnosis carried out by the CKE shows that for most high school students the secondary school-leaving examination will not be as difficult as it was announced not so long ago. But it is not to mathematics, more than before, that future high school graduates should apply themselves.
There were two attempts. The first in March 2022, the second – with the same group of students – in December 2022. The Central Examination Commission (CKE) wanted to check how this year’s high school graduates deal with the new formula of the final exam, and for this purpose it selected about 2.8 thousand students from all over Poland, whose work was checked by examiners of district commissions and whose results were analyzed in detail. Today, CKE publishes the official results of the diagnosis.
Before we look at them, however, let’s answer the question: why this year’s final exams arouse special emotions?
The facts are as follows: the new secondary school-leaving examination has raised many fears since the reform of education. Politicians PIS even when lower secondary schools were liquidated, they announced that the baccalaureate bar should be raised. In 2016, the then Minister of Education, Anna Zalewska, said directly in the program “Jeden na Jedno” on TVN24: – In the new high school, the final exam must be more difficult, it must be of a different level.
In this way United Right wanted to restore the “elite character” of high schools.
Students and teachers wrote to the Ministry of Education more petitions regarding the so-called. new matura exam – they wanted to change the rules, limit the material required for the exam. All the more so that high school students were hit by the pandemic and the related remote teaching. Some of them studied in this mode – with breaks for short returns to school – for several months.
Members of Parliament submitted numerous interpellations regarding the level of the Matura exam. Back in January this year, members of the Civic Coalition, Marta Wcisło and Krystyna Szumilas, asked when the minister of education was finally going to cut back on the overloaded core curriculum.
Parents were also concerned, who felt that their children were constantly treated as “guinea pigs” in schools.
The latter is somewhat true. In May 2023, students who started the education reform in 2017 will take the secondary school-leaving examination. Instead of junior high schools, they marched to the seventh grades being restored in primary schools. In the middle of their studies, the core curriculum changed for them (in some subjects, causing huge gaps in the acquired knowledge), and then they were the first to pass eighth grader exam.
Now those who are in high schools will be the first to test the new matura exam formula (EM23). Next year, the same will happen to students of technical secondary schools extended to five years.
And this matura exam means: more reading, more open tasks, more requirements, a longer exam. For example, the Polish language course will take four hours!
When in March 2021, CKE published the matriculation guides, not only students but also teachers commented: “Dramatically difficult”, “Nightmare”, “For the first time I cried over the informant”.
Ultimately, due to the pandemic, the exam requirements were reduced by about 20-25 percent compared to what was initially planned, and the introduction of the pass threshold for the exam in an additional subject was abandoned. But not everyone was reassured.
CKE, which prepares matriculation tasks, was also worried about how the high school graduates would cope with it.
– Of course, we had assumptions about what this exam should look like, but until it is confronted with live people, it is impossible to clearly determine whether these assumptions are the best – admits Dr. Marcin Smolik, director of CKE. He adds: – We were reassured by the results of the diagnosis, because when it comes to the pass rate, they are better than we expected. After all, we had our last rehearsal in December, and the students then had five months to study. For many of them, the final exam was not yet something that kept them awake at night, they had not yet started those typical repetitions, which usually come after the prom.
In 2023, in order to obtain a secondary school-leaving certificate, it is necessary to score 30 percent of the points in three written exams at the basic level (Polish language, mathematics and a selected foreign language) and two oral exams (in Polish and a foreign language). You also have to take one subject at the advanced level, but it has no pass threshold. You can get zero points from it and still pass your high school diploma if you pass the other subjects.
The study conducted by the CKE shows that if the matura exam was held in December 2022, the exam would be passed: in Polish 85 percent. high school students, mathematics 88 percent, and English 98 percent.
How do these results relate to the first attempt from March, and how to the final exams from previous years? Can the ongoing election year affect student performance? And finally: what should high school graduates train diligently in the coming weeks?
We look at the results of the matura diagnosis and ask the director of the CKE about all this.
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