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Mother's Day in Poland 2024. Will the current government manage to encourage Polish women to have children?

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May 26 is celebrated as Mother's Day. Meanwhile, as the Central Statistical Office has been reporting for many years, fewer and fewer Polish women decide to become mothers and give birth to children. In 2023, 272,000 of them were born. and this number is 33,000 less compared to 2022. The previous government introduced the flagship 500 plus project to increase the fertility rate. However, as statistics show, the goal was not achieved. The current government announces the introduction of new incentives for mothers, including: “grandma's”.

As reported by the Central Statistical Office (GUS), Poland's population at the end of 2023 decreased by 131,000 year-on-year to 37,635,000 people. In December 2023 alone, 33,000 fewer children were born than a year earlier. 272,000 were born. children, which means a decrease of 11%. compared to the previous year.

In the demographic forecast, the Central Statistical Office indicated that the population of Poland in 2060 will drop to 30.4 million people in the main scenario. However, in alternative scenarios, it is up to 26.7 million in the low and up to 34.8 million in the high scenario, respectively.

Meanwhile, successive governments are working hard to encourage Poland to have more children. The current government wants, among other things, give parents PLN 1,500 to care for a small child, or additional leave for mothers of premature babies.

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“Grandmothers”. Program for working mothers

“Active parent”, supporting parents in raising children and professional activity of mothers. Three benefits will be available under this form of support, including: “granny”:

Active parents at work (“granny parents”) – PLN 1,500 per month for professionally active parents to care for a child aged 12 to 35 months. If an activation agreement is concluded, the state will cover the costs of contributions, which will be important for people of retirement age, as it will affect the amount pensions. It is worth adding that concluding such an agreement will not be required to receive money. Parents will be able to decide what they will spend the money on. They will be able to, among others: finance care provided by, for example, a nanny or grandmother (including a pensioner).
Actively in the nursery – up to PLN 1,500 per month to cover the costs of a child's stay in a nursery, children's club or day care provider. The benefit will be transferred to the bank account of a given entity or the bank account of a self-employed daily caregiver by the 20th day of each month for the previous month.
Actively at home – PLN 500 per month for parents raising a child from 12 to 35 months at home. As explained by the Ministry of Family, “Active Parent” will take over the beneficiaries of the existing Family Care Capital (RKO), as well as the nursery capital, maintaining the acquired rights and expanding the support offered. In the case of CPR, support will also cover the first child, while the value of the benefit for a stay in a nursery will increase from PLN 400 to PLN 1,500.

At the current legislative stage, the act was adopted by the Sejm on May 15 this year. It will now be considered by the Senate.

Additional leave for parents of premature babies

On May 24, Agnieszka Dziemianowicz-Bąk, Minister of Family, Labor and Social Policy, announced new solutions for parents – additional leave for parents of premature babies and children hospitalized after birth.

– The bill provides solutions for parents of the smallest of the smallest – the so-called extremely premature or ultra-premature babies – children who were born before the 28th week or weigh less than 1000 grams, we propose week for week, i.e. a week of hospitalization is an additional week. maternity leave up to 15 additional weeks – announced the head of the Ministry of Labor and Social Policy.

Agnieszka Dziemianowicz-Bąk about leaves for parents of premature babiesTVN24

She informed that “for non-extreme premature babies, the same rule, week by week, will apply up to eight weeks of additional maternity leave.” – Identical solutions will also apply to parents of children who were born at term but must stay in the hospital longer than the standard 5 days – said Dziemianowicz-Bąk.

She added that she wants “the bill to come into force in the new year. So that we enter the new year 2025 with new, fairer regulations.”

According to the Central Statistical Office, 22.5 thousand were born in 2022. premature babies per 306 thousand all births.

800 plus instead of 500 plus

Even though the project 500 plus did not increase the fertility rate in Poland, but it will actually change the situation of many families. The program has been running since April 2016, and its amount has been increased due to the rising costs of maintaining children.

From January 1, 2024, the amount of the childcare benefit increased from PLN 500 to PLN 800.

Benefit 800 plus is due from the child's birth until he or she turns 18, regardless of the family's income. Both children living in families and in foster care are entitled to it.

Author:Paulina Karpińska

Main photo source: Shutterstock

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