Although the days and nights are getting colder, mushrooms can still be found in Polish forests. Mushroom picking in November is an idea for active leisure. The State Forests suggest which mushrooms can be found at this time of the year.
In November, we have a chance to collect various species of mushrooms – boletes, geese, chanterelles, kites and armillaria. Unfortunately, the time for porcini mushrooms, butterflies and goats ended in October.
Where to pick mushrooms in November?
In Poland, mushroom pickers exchange information about the harvest in their vicinity. On this basis, the service kochby.pl prepares a map of the occurrence of fungi. In recent weeks, most of them were in the following voivodeships: Pomeranian, West Pomeranian Voivodeship, Lubuskie Voivodeship, Greater Poland, Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, Łódź Province, Mazowieckie, Świętokrzyskie and Silesian.
Worse conditions for picking mushrooms were in the eastern regions – na Warmia and Masuria, Podlasie, in provinces Lublin and Subcarpathian.
How to collect and store mushrooms?
As the representatives of the State Forests advise, the mushrooms should be gently twisted so as not to damage their mycelium. Cutting off the stem destroys it and prevents proper recognition of the species and the growth of other fungi on it. The knife is only used to remove litter from mushrooms.
Only healthy mushrooms are collected, that is, those that are not bitten, soaked in water, red or moldy. If you are not a certain species, it is better to leave it in the forest. You should also not touch the mushrooms, which are rare and endangered.
It is worth saving large and old mushrooms, which are not culinary attractive and serve as seeds in the forest.
Fungi growing on the edge of the forest, in the vicinity of roads and production plants are not collected because they absorb heavy metals and pollutants from the environment.
Mushrooms. What to collect them for
It is best to collect mushrooms in wicker baskets or air-permeable containers. Plastic bags can infuse mushrooms and spoil them faster. In addition, harmful substances can be released in foil bags.
Before going to the forest, it is worth checking the list of protected mushrooms, which can be downloaded from the website of the General Directorate for Environmental Protection.
There are about 200 species of poisonous mushrooms in Poland. Some of them can even be fatal if you eat them. Therefore, only collect those that you know. To be sure, show your harvest to an experienced mushroom picker or compare it with a mushroom atlas.
Sanitary and epidemiological stations in various regions of Poland offer advice and consultations of mushroom experts. In the guidebook of the State Forests, we can find information that not all poisonous mushrooms have a bitter and stinging taste. It is also a myth that all inedible species have gills under the cap, and edible tubes – an example can be chanterelles (edible mushrooms with gills) i bile bitterness (inedible mushrooms with tubes).
The following are the most poisonous mushrooms: toadstool, greenish toadstool, red toadstool, spring toadstool and venomous toadstool.
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