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Wednesday, May 22, 2024

NATO Summit in Vilnius. PISM analyst on the Alliance’s defense plans

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NATO’s new defense plans are more detailed than anything the Alliance has dealt with since the Cold War, Wojciech Lorenz, an analyst at the Polish Institute of International Affairs, assessed in an interview with the Polish Press Agency.

It ended on Wednesday two-day summit of the North Atlantic Alliance in Vilnius. During the summit, the new defense plans. According to Wojciech Lorenz, an analyst at the Polish Institute of International Affairs, they are “more detailed than anything the Alliance has dealt with since the Cold War.”

– Previously, it was about 40,000 soldiers, now it will be about 300,000 soldiers, it requires enormous strength from the member states so that these troops are properly prepared and armed. A good decision was made from Poland’s perspective. On changing the declaration of defense spending, since the summit of Wales in 2014, the allies said they would aim to reach 2 percent of GDP on defense a year, but now they use the phrase that they will spend at least 2 percent of GDP on the same purpose, said Lorenz.

NATO exercises FOR THIS

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“The glass is half full”

When asked whether Poland could be satisfied with the postulates obtained at the Vilnius summit, the expert replied that Poland could be half satisfied, “because the glass is half full, not half empty.” – It was necessary to show that Ukraine receives something more than a vague declaration that they will be a member of NATO in the future, which the Alliance has been using since 2008, since the summit in Bucharest. Ukraine will not have to go through the Membership Action Plan. Theoretically, this makes it possible to shorten the accession path, and one can point to the positive aspect of such decisions, he assessed.

In his opinion, when it comes to Ukraine’s accession to NATO in the shortest possible time, it is the task of, among others, Poland to convince decision-makers in USA for the faster accession of Ukraine. “A good opportunity to start this discussion would be the Washington Summit in 2024,” said Lorenz.

Joint Ukraine-NATO exercises at the Yavoriv training ground in the Lviv region. Archival recording (photo from 2019)Ministry of Defense of Ukraine

In a communiqué adopted on Tuesday, the Alliance confirmed the decision of the 2008 Bucharest Summit that Ukraine will become a member of NATO. They also recognized that Ukraine’s path to NATO no longer required a Membership Action Plan (MAP). On Tuesday, the Alliance’s leaders also decided that NATO would create three regional defense plans in the event of an attack on member states in Europe: one for the north of the continent, the other for the south, and the third for the countries of the eastern flank, including Poland.

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