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New buildings exclusively emission-free. Gas boilers, coal stoves. National Energy and Climate Plan. The Ministry of Climate and Environment provided two dates

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The Ministry of Climate and Environment wants all new buildings constructed in Poland to be emission-free from the beginning of 2030. Those occupied by public offices even earlier – from January 1, 2028. This would mean a ban on the use of gas boilers or coal stoves. The ministry is also planning a wave of renovations of existing buildings. Such announcements appeared in the new version of the Polish National Energy and Climate Plan (NECP) until 2030, which was submitted to the European Commission.

The NECP was established under the 2018 regulation of the European Parliament and of the EU Council, which obliges Member States to develop national energy and climate plans. These documents are intended to enable analysis of whether, based on contributions from member states, the EU will meet its climate and energy goals.

“The national plan is a key document setting the directions for Poland’s transformation and, as such, it has a decisive impact on the country’s energy and climate policy in the medium term,” emphasized the Ministry of Climate and Environment (MKiŚ), which is the author of the document.

According to the document published by the European Commission, this is the version of the proposal of the Polish NECP of February 29, 2024. The previous one was from 2019. The new one assumes an increase in ambition in energy and climate policy, but the Ministry of Climate stipulates that it does not take into account the latest EU target of reducing emissions by 55%. compared to 1990, which was provided for in the “Fit for 55” (or “Ready for 55”) package.

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Read also: “Unobtainable”. Minister on climate goals

Two energy transformation scenarios

The Ministry of Climate and Environment emphasizes in the introduction to the latest version that ultimately the NECP strategy will be based on two transformation scenarios: the basic WEM (based on already operating instruments and planned policies) and the ambitious WAM (assumes the implementation of new energy and climate policy instruments, with the assumption of accelerating decarbonization ). The latest document initially presents the first of two scenarios, which is based on implemented and planned transformation policies.

The ministry assured that “advanced work is underway” on solutions for a more ambitious transformation scenario. The final version of the NECP is to be submitted to the European Commission by the end of June 2024.

“The draft update of the currently applicable National Plan should be submitted to the European Commission by June 30, 2023. Due to the delay in work on the document, the European Commission has launched an infringement procedure against Poland. Submitting the draft below is therefore necessary to complete the procedure against Poland.” – explained MKiŚ.

“The target document containing two scenarios: WEM and WAM will be presented for full public consultations and sectoral arrangements and then finalized at the turn of the second and third quarter of 2024.” – added.

Increased share of renewable energy in the electricity sector

The Polish document published by the EC assumes a 38% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2030. compared to 2005 and by 35 percent compared to 1990. In the 2019 version it was 30%. compared to 1990.

The EU’s RED III directive provides an EU-wide participation target Renewable energy in final energy consumption at the level of 42.5 percent. in 2030. Poland declares it will achieve 29.8%, while in the 2019 version this indicator was at the level of 21-23%, depending on EU support. As indicated by the Ministry of Environmental Protection, the revision of this target by 7-9 percentage points. upwards “is possible thanks to the development of renewable energy in recent years in the electricity sector.”


For electricity production, it was assumed that “the share of renewable energy sources in 2030 may reach 50.1 percent.” In the 2019 version, it was 32%. The Ministry assumes that onshore wind farms with an installed capacity of approximately 15.8 GW (currently approximately 10 GW – will contribute most to a greater increase in electricity production from renewable energy sources). ed.), and over 29 GW of power in photovoltaics (currently over 16.5 GW). Additionally, approximately 5.9 GW of offshore wind capacity is to be created, which will appear around 2026, which is consistent with investors’ plans.

Subsequently, the growth is to be increased thanks to biomass, biogas and biomethane power plants as well as hydroelectric power plants.

The document provides for further support for prosumer energy by developing programs co-financing photovoltaic micro-installations, but together with energy storage facilities.

For the heating and cooling sector, the document provides for 32.1 percent. share of renewable energy sources compared to 28.4 percent in the 2019 version.

Transport goals

The share of renewable energy in transport is to increase from 14 to 17.7 percent. However, as assessed by the Ministry of Environmental Protection in the document, the implementation of the EU renewable energy target in transport set at 29%. in 2030 is assessed as impossible to achieve in Poland, and taking into account current statistics it seems extremely difficult also in most EU countries.

“Forecasts indicate that in 2030, the transport sector in Poland will emit more than in 1990 and 2005, which is related to much greater activity in this sector than after the economic transformation. The challenge is, first of all, to slow down the increase in emissions” – explained the Ministry of Climate.

As we read, the implementation of decarbonization goals in this area is carried out in particular by increasing the use of biofuels and the development of alternative fuels (electromobility, hydrogen and its derivatives, e.g. ammonia, synthetic fuels), as well as by increasing the efficiency of vehicles and increasing pedestrian and bicycle traffic.

Forecasts quoted by the Ministry of Environmental Protection indicate that in 2030, over 1.46 million electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles may be registered in Poland. “The number of light vehicles (ordinary passenger cars – ed.) may reach over 1.45 million (0.8 million BEVs and 0.65 million plug-in hybrid vehicles), while heavy vehicles – over 7,000, including over 4.5 thousand may be zero-emission city buses (hydrogen and electric),” we read in the document. In the case of hydrogen-powered vehicles, forecasts indicate that approximately 6,000 may be registered in Poland in 2030. vehicles.

New buildings exclusively emission-free

In the area of ​​heating, it is assumed that the goal is that by around 2040, all heating needs in the economy will be covered by system heat and low- and zero-emission individual sources.

In construction, from the beginning of 2030, all new buildings constructed in Poland would be emission-free, and in the case of buildings occupied by public offices – from January 1, 2028. This would mean introducing a ban on coal or gas stoves.

“Under the provisions of the new directive, EPBDs will be buildings that require no or very little energy, generate no direct on-site CO2 emissions from fossil fuels and generate no or very low operational greenhouse gas emissions. This will only be possible when connecting such buildings to energy-efficient heating systems or even wider use of renewable energy sources,” the Ministry of Climate said.

The dates indicated by the Ministry of Climate are consistent with the previous agreement reached on this matter by the European Union member states European parliament.

Read also: No more gas stoves. Important dates

It was announced that as part of the use of renewable energy, “an obligation to use installations using solar energy to supply buildings with energy will be introduced.”

Moreover, the Ministry of Environmental Protection pointed out that – in accordance with the EU directive – EU Member States should develop long-term strategies for the renovation of existing buildings. The adopted recommended scenario assumes widespread shallow thermal modernization with the gradual dissemination of deep, more comprehensive thermal modernization in the perspective of 2030.

“Shallow thermal modernization consists primarily in replacing a high-emission heat source, such as a so-called coal-fired boiler, with an ecological device. Deep thermal modernization involves the need for additional activities, such as insulating the building, replacing windows or installing an ecological heat source” – we read in the document.

According to the Ministry of Environmental Protection, the goal in terms of reducing the energy demand of existing buildings is to carry out 7.5 million thermal modernizations by 2050, “with the priority being to eliminate the use of coal in residential buildings.” It was also explained that market laws must be taken into account when planning a national renovation wave. “Too high a national pace of renovation will result in unjustified increases in the prices of materials and services, and may also result in unreliable execution,” the ministry said.

The latest version of the NECP also indicated that the domestic production of thermal hard coal will not exceed 30 million tonnes in 2030, and the level of use will be influenced by the availability of the domestic raw material. According to the latest data, the extraction of such coal in 2023 was at the level of 49 million tons.

Main photo source: Shutterstock

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