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Occupational Barometer 2023. List of shortage professions – which industries will lack employees?

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Vocational and general education teachers, doctors, nurses and midwives, bus drivers and car mechanics – these are just some of the deficit professions in 2023. Shortages are to concern a total of 27 professions, i.e. 3 less than a year ago, according to the report “Occupational Barometer 2023”, commissioned by the Ministry of Family and Social Policy.

The study was prepared at the Voivodeship Labor Office in Krakow as part of the nationwide Occupational Barometer survey commissioned by the Minister of Family and Social Policy. The barometer is a forecast of the demand for employees in 2023. The study was conducted by experts at the turn of the third and fourth quarter of 2022.

The list of occupations in the 8th national edition of the study contains 168 items, 27 of them were included in the list of shortage occupations, and 141 were included in the list of sustainable occupations. The category of balanced occupations means that the number of job offers is close to the number of candidates. In 2023 – as in the previous year – no surplus profession appeared on a national scale.

The results of the study were first described by “Rzeczpospolita”. The newspaper pointed out that the economic downturn, also associated with high inflationhas reduced the national list of shortage occupations, which will be short of candidates for work, this year from 30 to 27. “There are still many specialties on it, the shortage of which will make it difficult for companies to do business, also worsening the quality of education and healthcare – noted the journal.

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Deficit professions 2023

Rzeczpospolita wrote that the shortage of truck and TIR drivers, which is sought not only by the logistics and courier industry, but also by the tourist sector, will affect employers in 363, i.e. almost 96 percent, poviats this year. At the same time, in almost every fourth it is rated as large.

Virtually all over Poland – in almost nine out of ten poviats – there is also a shortage of nurses and midwives, and in 84 poviats the deficit of female candidates for this hard and not the best paid job is assessed as very large.

The pandemic also intensified the shortage of doctors, who are in short supply in 321 poviats, and made psychologists and psychotherapists join the group of professions affected by a strong staff shortage last year. “The deterioration of the mental condition of Poles, intensified last year by war in Ukraine and the inflation crisis, increases year by year the demand for these specialists, the shortage of which is felt in 329 poviats.

There are as many as three groups of teachers on the national list of 27 deficit professions this year. In addition to teachers of vocational subjects that have been missing for years (their shortage affects schools in two-thirds of poviats), this year’s Occupational Barometer also included teachers of general subjects (deficit in 215 poviats) as well as teachers of special schools and integration classes.

The lack of IT specialists on the national list of deficit professions is noteworthy, who – according to a study by the recruitment company Hays Poland – will remain one of the most sought-after specialists, despite the already visible signs of a slowdown in the IT industry. This year, almost four out of ten companies intend to recruit them, and the report of the Polish Economic Institute and Organization of IT Services Employers (SoDA) published in autumn spoke of a real shortage of at least 25,000 jobs. IT specialists.

“Rz” noticed that, according to this year’s barometer of occupations, this shortage is felt primarily in large cities, especially in Warsaw, Krakow, Poznan, Wroclaw and Gdansk. There, IT specialists will be among the deficit candidates. On a national scale, the deficit of IT specialists can be seen in every fourth poviat (this is twice less than in the case of general education teachers). At the same time, IT companies invariably emphasize the need for experienced specialists.

Bakers, on the other hand, disappeared from the list of professions affected by the shortage, because the increase electricity prices and gas caused a crisis in the baking industry, threatening the bankruptcy of many companies. The effects of the problems of the wood and furniture industries, which were affected by the increase in costs and the collapse of the real estate market, can also be seen in the fact that there are no longer carpenters among the scarce professions. They moved to the most numerous group of 141 professions, which will be in balance on a national scale, although in some poviats companies may feel their shortage.

TVN24 Biznes, “Rzeczpospolita”

Main photo source: Photocon / Shutterstock.com

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