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Tuesday, November 28, 2023

OpenAI needs GPT-4 to resolve the content material moderation dilemma

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OpenAI is satisfied that its expertise might help remedy one among tech’s hardest issues: content moderation at scale. GPT-4 may change tens of 1000’s of human moderators whereas being practically as correct and extra constant, claims OpenAI. If that’s true, the most toxic and mentally taxing tasks in tech may very well be outsourced to machines.

In a blog post, OpenAI claims that it has already been utilizing GPT-4 for creating and refining its personal content material insurance policies, labeling content material, and making choices. “I wish to see extra folks working their belief and security, and moderation [in] this manner,” OpenAI head of security techniques Lilian Weng told Semafor. “This can be a actually good step ahead in how we use AI to resolve actual world points in a means that’s useful to society.”

OpenAI sees three main advantages in comparison with conventional approaches to content material moderation. First, it claims folks interpret insurance policies in a different way, whereas machines are constant of their judgments. These pointers might be so long as a guide and alter always. Whereas it takes people numerous coaching to be taught and adapt, OpenAI argues giant language fashions may implement new insurance policies immediately.

Second, GPT-4 can allegedly assist develop a brand new coverage inside hours. The method of drafting, labeling, gathering suggestions, and refining often takes weeks or a number of months. Third, OpenAI mentions the well-being of the employees who’re regularly uncovered to dangerous content material, resembling movies of kid abuse or torture.

OpenAI would possibly assist with an issue that its personal expertise has exacerbated

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After practically twenty years of recent social media and much more years of on-line communities, content material moderation remains to be one of the troublesome challenges for on-line platforms. Meta, Google, and TikTok depend on armies of moderators who need to look by dreadful and infrequently traumatizing content material. Most of them are situated in creating nations with decrease wages, work for outsourcing firms, and battle with psychological well being as they obtain solely a minimal quantity of psychological well being care.

Nevertheless, OpenAI itself heavily relies on clickworkers and human work. Hundreds of individuals, lots of them in African nations resembling Kenya, annotate and label content material. The texts might be disturbing, the job is nerve-racking, and the pay is poor.

Whereas OpenAI touts its strategy as new and revolutionary, AI has been used for content moderation for years. Mark Zuckerberg’s imaginative and prescient of an ideal automated system hasn’t fairly panned out but, however Meta makes use of algorithms to reasonable the overwhelming majority of dangerous and unlawful content material. Platforms like YouTube and TikTok rely on comparable techniques, so OpenAI’s expertise would possibly enchantment to smaller firms that don’t have the sources to develop their very own expertise.

Each platform brazenly admits that excellent content material moderation at scale is inconceivable. Each people and machines make errors, and whereas the share is perhaps low, there are nonetheless hundreds of thousands of dangerous posts that slip by and as many items of innocent content material that get hidden or deleted.

Particularly, the grey space of deceptive, incorrect, and aggressive content material that isn’t essentially unlawful poses a terrific problem for automated techniques. Even human consultants battle to label such posts, and machines incessantly get it incorrect. The identical applies to satire or pictures and movies that document crimes or police brutality.

In the long run, OpenAI would possibly assist to sort out an issue that its personal expertise has exacerbated. Generative AI resembling ChatGPT or the corporate’s picture creator, DALL-E, makes it a lot simpler to create misinformation at scale and unfold it on social media. Though OpenAI has promised to make ChatGPT extra truthful, GPT-4 still willingly produces news-related falsehoods and misinformation.

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